Pakistan Research Repository


Hasan, Rubab (2001) PAKISTAN-TURKEY RELATIONS. PhD thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.



The disintegration of the Soviet Union transformed the political and security structure of the world, prevalent since the end of the Second World War. In the cold war era, which lasted more than four decades, Pakistan and Turkey were both frontline states against Soviet expansion. But, with the end of cold war both Turkey and Pakistan felt vulnerable and insecure in the unfamiliar international political and security environment. However Turkey and Pakistan retained their geo-political importance in the post cold war world, though they began looking for new roles and new foreign policy approaches. However, the major challenges for both the countries came from within. Whereas, Turkey continues to adhere to the principles of secularism, the Islamic forces are also gaining ground in Turkey. Turkey has been accepted as an accession candidate for membership in the European Union. This will give new impetus to the Turkish economy. This situation, however is anomalous. The marked Islamic traits in the Turkish society and Turkey’s membership of an exclusively European club are likely to resort in complications for the Turkish polity Pakistan, on the other hand, has been plagued by poor governance, ethnic and sectarian strife, and these have been compounded by an economic crises. Pakistan and Turkey still have unresolved issues with their neighbours. Turkey’s problems with Greece remain undecided, while Indo-Pakistan relations have not improved in recent years. Both have to work for a meaningful dialogue with their neighbours. Both countries, foreign policies in the new century will be increasingly determined by their domestic, economic and political conditions,. Both must realize that internal stability is the key to a country’ security. Though, Turkey and Pakistan remain preoccupied with their major concerns – Pakistan with its security environment and domestic turmoil. Turkey with its ambition to be accepted as part of mainstream Europe, while at the same time it grapples with the rise of fundamentalist tendencies, both continue on the path of mutual friendship and cooperation

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:pakistan, turkey, soviet union, greece, europe, fundamentalist tendencies, kashmir dispute, cyprus issue
Subjects:Social Sciences(g) > International Relations (g10)
ID Code:878
Deposited By:Mr. Muhammad Asif
Deposited On:01 Nov 2006
Last Modified:04 Oct 2007 21:03

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