I= EXTRACTION, EXPLORATION AND DEMAND FORECASTING FOR AQUARIUM FISHES FROM PAKISTAN
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Title of Thesis
EXTRACTION, EXPLORATION AND DEMAND FORECASTING FOR AQUARIUM FISHES FROM PAKISTAN

Author(s)
Nadeem Ahmed
Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi/ Department of Economic
Session
1996
Subject
Economic
Number of Pages
242
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
aquarium fishes, breeding, seawater aquarium, freshwater aquarium, trawl netting, web net, hand netting, gill netting, cast netting, herding device, pakistani butter fly, locally cultured fishes

Abstract
This dissertation plans to investigate and explore ways and means to develop the aquarium fish industry from being import based to an export oriented one. Survey has shown that there are 70 aquarist shops thirteen small scale aquarium fish farmers and 3 accessories manufacturers in Pakistan. Moreover there are some fairly common subsidiary resources too, which can be used in aquaria.

The present study shows that collecting and breeding of aquarium fishes as well as introduction of new decorative and ornamental materials have great economic potential. This has been proven by comparing the costs of imported and locally breeded fishes.

The data used in this study is based upon the findings of field trips and surveys throughout the country and also upon observations made during experiments. A total of 43 marine and 44 freshwater fishes were studied and their export potential assessed. The parameters considered includes catching technique, aesthetic beauty and breeding habits.

In addition pet keeping in Pakistan has been studied and recommendations have been given on how a seawater aquaria and freshwater aquaria could be maintained. Demand forecasting and marketing capability for domestic as well as export markets have also been studied. The demand in domestic market is different in the different income classes i.e. commercial, upper, middle and lower classes. The aquarium-maintaining trend is greater in 3.56 million urban housing units. Supply and demand projection for the domestic market has also been explored. This study shows that export of aquarium fishes from Pakistan is an economically viable activity.

Download Full Thesis
2202.1 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
147.83 KB
2 1 Introduction 01
48.87 KB
3 2 Section - II: Material and Method / A Study of Seawater Aquarium Fishes of Pakistan 5
319.37 KB
  2.1 How to Maintain Seawater Aquarium 27
  2.2 Seawater Aquarium Fishes of Pakistan 30
4 3 A Study of Freshwater Aquarium Fishes of Pakistan 47
157.19 KB
  3.1 How to Maintain Freshwater Aquarium 47
  3.2 Freshwater Aquarium Fishes of Pakistan 49
5 4 Study of Aquarium Fishing Technologies 66
94.34 KB
  4.1 Netting Methods 66
  4.2 Hand Netting 66
  4.3 Web Net 66
  4.4 Trawl Netting 67
  4.5 Two Boat Purse Seining Net 68
  4.6 Gill Netting 69
  4.7 Drift Netting 73
  4.8 Cast Netting 73
  4.9 Herding Device 74
  4.10 Diver Bag Net 75
  4.11 Hooking Method 76
  4.12 Long lining 75
  4.13 Trolling 76
6 5 Acclimatization and Rearing of Seawater Fishes in Freshwater 78
253.62 KB
  5.1 Mullet Fish 79
  5.2 Result and Recommendation 82
  5.3 Arabian Menos 82
  5.4 Result and Recommendation 85
  5.5 Sergeant Major 86
  5.6 Result and Recommendation 86
  5.7 Puffer Fish 89
  5.8 Result and Recommendation 92
  5.9 Blue Damsel 92
  5.10 Result and Recommendation 93
  5.11 Pakistani Butter Fly 94
  5.12 Result and Recommendation 94
7 6 Sectio n-III :Culturing of Imported Aquarium Fishes 100
180.92 KB
  6.1 Fish Culturing 100
  6.2 Platy 100
  6.3 Siamese Fighter 100
  6.4 Tiger Barb 100
  6.5 Jewel Cichlid 115
  6.6 Angel 115
8 7 Section-IV: An Economic Analysis of Aquarium Fishries of Pakistan / Market Structure of Aquarium Fish Industry 122
87.93 KB
  7.1 Distribution of firm size 123
  7.2 Invention of new product 125
  7.3 Computation of the Five Firm Concentration Ratio 127
9 8 Scope and Marketing of Pakistani Aquarium Fishes 133
201.44 KB
  8.1 Aquarium Trends in Pakistan 133
  8.2 Demand Forecasting and Marketing Capability of Domestic Market 136
  8.3 Supply and Demand for Pakistani Aquarium Fishes 146
  8.4 Demand Forecasting for Export Market 150
10 9 Estimation of Cost of Imported Fishes 156
123.42 KB
  9.1 Live Bearers 156
  9.2 Egg Layers 156
  9.3 Fixed Cost 156
  9.4 Variable Cost 160
  9.5 Estimation of Cost of Imported Fishes 160
11 10 Calculation of Cost of Locally Cultured Fishes 169
132.72 KB
  10.1 Calculation of Cost of Locally Cultured Fishes 169
  10.2 Fixed Cost 172
  10.3 Variable Cost 178
12 11 Cost Comparison of Imported and Locally Cultured Fishes 184
31.31 KB
  11.1 Cost Comparisons of Imported Fishes with Locally Cultured Once 184
13 12 Valuation of non-market non-living resources 187
123.48 KB
  12.1 Buck Wood 187
  12.2 Rock 190
  12.3 Gravel 191
14 13 Section - V: Summary and Conclusion 193
188.92 KB
15 14 Section - VI: Annexure and References
443.86 KB