I= CHANGING ROLE OF WOMEN IN PAKISTAN: A STUDY OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS
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Title of Thesis
CHANGING ROLE OF WOMEN IN PAKISTAN: A STUDY OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS

Author(s)
Nasreen Aslam Shah
Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi
Session
2002
Subject
Social Work
Number of Pages
322
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
changing role, women in pakistan, working women, micro-financing, orangi pilot project

Abstract
The study entitled, “Changing Role of Women in Pakistani Society – A Study of Social and Economic Activities of Women Entrepreneurs,” was conducted and reported by Nasreen Aslam Shah in this dissertation. The study examined the changing role of women in Pakistani society by reviewing the extent literature on the subject, and by analyzing data from a survey of women entrepreneurs in Karachi, Pakistan. A purposive sample for the survey was obtained from the records two microcredit giving organizations the First Women’s Bank Ltd. And the Orangi Pilot Project, Karachi. The women entrepreneurs of the sample were engaged in a variety of micro-enterprises ranging from the manufacture of items of daily use sold in the market to running general stores and beauty parlours. They had obtained loans to strengthen and expand their enterprises. They were regularly paying back their loans which they were using for the purposes for which they had borrowed. They were running their businesses according to business principles. They came from marginally well-off households, owned their homes or their husbands did, their homes had electricity, gas and running water. They had contributed substantially to their household income over which they had complete control. They were investing their earnings in furthering their businesses, house repair, purchase of household items, on health and the education of their children.

Data from the sample of women entrepreneurs showed that they had gained self-confidence as a result of their experience as entrepreneurs; that they had won the respect of their families, kin groups and neighbourhoods; and, that the were hopeful for a better future for themselves and their families. The recommendations of the researcher include more focused and exclusive research on the evolution of entrepreneurial spirit among the women of Pakistan and special services to promote the cause of women entrepreneurs. The latter must include more and easy flow of credit, technical assistance, upgrading of their managerial and marketing skills, networking and regular exhibitions of products prepared by women entrepreneurs. Their delegations should also be sent abroad to explore the international marketing of their goods.

Download Full Thesis
2972.76 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 1 Introduction 1
170.64 KB
  1.1 Introduction 1
  1.2 Women Entrepreneurs 4
  1.3 The Research Problem 5
  1.4 Objectives of the Study 6
  1.5 The Scope of the Study 8
  1.6 The Justification of the Study 9
  1.7 The Basic Research Paradigm 10
  1.8 Hypotheses 11
  1.9 The Key Concepts 12
  1.10 The Outline of Chapters 13
2 2 Review of Literature 18
831.55 KB
  2.1 The Status of Women in Islam 18
  2.2 The Status of Women in Pakistan 26
  2.3 The Economic Participation of Women 37
  2.4 The home-based Working Women and Women Entrepreneurs 48
  2.5 Micro-financing for home-based working Women and Women Entrepreneurs and, its Impact on Society 62
  2.6 Orangi Pilot Project 79
  2.7 First Women Bank Limited 91
  2.8 Notes 97
3 3 Methodology 111
104.67 KB
  3.1 Introduction 111
  3.2 Selection of the Research Project 112
  3.3 The Universe or the Population for the Study 113
  3.4 The Sample 114
  3.5 The Interviewing Schedule 117
  3.6 . The Processing of Data and their Analysis 119
  3.7 Notes 120
4 4 Chapter 4
1614.23 KB
  4.1 Analysis of the Data 121
  4.2 Tables 147
  4.3 Testing of Hypotheses 251
5 5 Chapter 5
95.72 KB
  5.1 Summary, Conclusions and Recommendation
  5.2 Summary 257
  5.3 Conclusion 258
  5.4 Recommendation 265
6 6 Appendices 267
451.65 KB
  6.1 Appendix 1: Glossary 267
  6.2 Appendix 2: Bibliography 270
  6.3 Appendix 3: Taken from Internet 283
  6.4 Appendix 4: Questionnaire 290
  6.5 Appendix 5: Interviewer’s Observations 314
  6.6 Appendix 6: Percentage of Women Being Reached by the 34 Largest Programs Reporting Poorest Clients 317
  6.7 Appendix 7: Selected Credit Programmes directed at the poor in Asia 320