Shah, Nasreen Aslam (2002) CHANGING ROLE OF WOMEN IN PAKISTAN: A STUDY OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS. PhD thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.
The study entitled, ÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂChanging Role of Women in Pakistani Society ÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ A Study of Social and Economic Activities of Women Entrepreneurs,ÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ was conducted and reported by Nasreen Aslam Shah in this dissertation. The study examined the changing role of women in Pakistani society by reviewing the extent literature on the subject, and by analyzing data from a survey of women entrepreneurs in Karachi, Pakistan. A purposive sample for the survey was obtained from the records two microcredit giving organizations the First WomenÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂs Bank Ltd. And the Orangi Pilot Project, Karachi. The women entrepreneurs of the sample were engaged in a variety of micro-enterprises ranging from the manufacture of items of daily use sold in the market to running general stores and beauty parlours. They had obtained loans to strengthen and expand their enterprises. They were regularly paying back their loans which they were using for the purposes for which they had borrowed. They were running their businesses according to business principles. They came from marginally well-off households, owned their homes or their husbands did, their homes had electricity, gas and running water. They had contributed substantially to their household income over which they had complete control. They were investing their earnings in furthering their businesses, house repair, purchase of household items, on health and the education of their children. Data from the sample of women entrepreneurs showed that they had gained self-confidence as a result of their experience as entrepreneurs; that they had won the respect of their families, kin groups and neighbourhoods; and, that the were hopeful for a better future for themselves and their families. The recommendations of the researcher include more focused and exclusive research on the evolution of entrepreneurial spirit among the women of Pakistan and special services to promote the cause of women entrepreneurs. The latter must include more and easy flow of credit, technical assistance, upgrading of their managerial and marketing skills, networking and regular exhibitions of products prepared by women entrepreneurs. Their delegations should also be sent abroad to explore the international marketing of their goods.
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||changing role, women in pakistan, working women, micro-financing, orangi pilot project|
|Deposited By:||Mr. Muhammad Asif|
|Deposited On:||01 Nov 2006|
|Last Modified:||04 Oct 2007 21:03|
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