I= A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF DRUG ABUSE IN PAKISTANI SOCIETY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HEROIN ADDICTION, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES
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Title of Thesis
A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF DRUG ABUSE IN PAKISTANI SOCIETY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HEROIN ADDICTION, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES

Author(s)
Ghulam Muhammad
Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi/ Department of Sociology
Session
2003
Subject
Sociology
Number of Pages
182
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
drug abuse, heroin addiction, narcotics, sociological theories

Abstract
Drug abuse, and particularly heroin addiction, has been spreading in Pakistan at a fast rate since the late Seventies. It has now become a serious social problem, which is probably going to stay. There is no pushbutton solution for its control and eradication. Over simplification of the problem is not likely to solve the complex issue of heroin addiction. It requires concerted and continuous struggle on the part of all concerned: governmental and non-governmental organizations, politicians, and religious leaders. The drug addicts resort to crime for generating income for the purchase of narcotics. The situation is becoming serious due to the number of heroin addicts in the country. An alarming rate of increase of 100,000 addicts per year is highly dangerous to society. The drug addicts are affecting nearly 20 million dependents and family members with psychological, social, and economic repercussions.

The present study reveals different clues as to how the situation may be approached in finding possible solutions to this grave problem. In addition to the ‘Introduction’, the main discussion has been organized in four chapters. Of these, Chapter 2 has been devoted to presenting a theoretical framework and review of the related studies. In chapter 3, research methodology has been elaborated. A structured interview schedule was employed for the collection of data from 204 drug heroin addicts through interviews. Snowball sampling technique was employed for the selection of respondents. They were in age group 15-40 years. 66 Univariate and 06 Bivariate Tables were formed for a systematic presentation of data. For the analysis of data, procedures like frequency and percentage distribution, chi-square of independent test (X2), and contingency coefficient test were used. Generalizations were based on these tests. Six hypotheses were tested. Chapter 4 was devoted to discussion of tables, In chapter 5 the conclusions were drawn and suggestions made. The data accumulated through interviews formed the bases of conclusions.

Download Full Thesis
3149.69 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
249.25 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
273.42 KB
  1.0 Statement Of The Problem 2
  1.1 History And Origin 9
  1.2 Quranic Injections Against Drug Addiction 10
  1.3 Drug Culture In Pakistan 12
  1.4 Effects Of Drug Abuse 14
  1.5 Causes Of Drug Abuse 15
  1.6 Justification Of The Study 16
  1.7 Objectives Of The Study 17
  1.8 Hypothese Of The Study 18
  1.9 Variables Of The Hypothese 19
  1.10 Key Concepts And Their Operational Definitions 20
3 2 Theoretical Framework And Review Of Previous Literature 24
675.42 KB
  2.1 Historical Background 26
  2.2 Related Theories And Studies 32
  2.3 Sociological Theories 44
  2.4 Previous Studies 50
  2.5 Heroin Abusers By Age 61
  2.6 Marital Status 62
  2.7 Education 62
  2.8 Income Leve L62
  2.9 Conclusions 63
  2.10 Recommendation 63
  2.11 Treatment And Rehabilitation 66
4 3 Research Methodology 67
116.78 KB
  3.1 Type Of The Study 68
  3.2 Universe 69
  3.3 Method Of Data Collection 70
  3.4 Interview Process 72
  3.5 Coding 72
  3.6 Tabulation 72
  3.7 Statistical Method Of Analysis 73
  3.8 Chi-Square 73
  3.9 Degree Of Freedom 74
  3.10 Degree Of Association 75
5 4 Analysis And Interpretation Of Data 77
1678.32 KB
  4.1 Testing Of Hypotheses 145
6 5 Summary, Conclusions And Suggestions 151
120.78 KB
  5.1 Summary 152
  5.2 Methodology 154
  5.3 Findings 155
  5.4 Findings Of Statistics Analysis Of The Hypotheses 159
  5.5 Conclusions 161
  5.6 Limitations 163
  5.7 Suggestions 164
  5.8 Appendix Interview Schedule 178
7 6 Bibliography 166
260.5 KB