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Title of Thesis

Muhammad Farooq
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Rural Sociology/ University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Rural Sociology
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
internal migrations, punjab, pakistan, political participation, faisalabad, jaranwala, thandlianwala, sammudri, consequences of migration, determinants of migration, village setting, remittances

Internal migration redistributes population and workforce from rural to urban areas. This study was designed to investigate the impact of internal migration on family and individuals at destination and origin. The dissertation consists of five chapters dealing with many of the fundamental aspect of internal migration; including determinants and consequences of migration, migrants socio-economic and demographic charatercteristics, interrelationships of migrants and family left behind at origin. The main objective of this study is to explore the relationship about the socio-economic status, health care, parents’ attitude toward children’s education, parents’ opinion about children marriage and political participation before and after migration with the t-test.

Probit estimation technique was used for the cross sectional data collected during the year 2002-2003 to examine the impact of the migration towards the improvement of the individuals and family/ household in the rural and urban areas of Pakistan. The study was carried out in two research areas i.e. Faisalabad city and four Tehsils of Faisalabad District (Faisalabad, Jaranwala, Thandlianwala and Sammudri). The selection of the District was arbitrary, but it is typical of many districts where rural area is deprived of jobs and sub-standard educational, medical sewerage and recreational facilities. This district is typical of those districts experiencing high out migration rates from rural areas. The survey is based on a sample about 300 households form eight circle areas of the city and 300 households form eight different villages. Information obtained from the head of households, which covers the objectives of the study and social and economic background of the migrants and their families. Probit estimation technique was used to test the seven hypotheses that need to be refuted and or accepted for meaningful policy imperatives to arrest the increasing trend of the internal migration. Thus, Probit model analysis proves that the migrants have been able to significantly improve the socio-economic status and adopted the modern values irrespective whether they settled in the urban areas or rural areas of Pakistan

Download Full Thesis
1311.35 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
80.39 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
107.31 KB
  1.1 Introduction 1
  1.2 Determinants of migration 6
  1.3 Consequences of migration 7
  1.4 Importance of the study 11
  1.5 Objectives of study 13
  1.6 Organization of the dissertation 14
3 2 Review of literature 15
365.34 KB
  2.1 Introduction 15
  2.2 Theoretical Framework 48
  2.3 Synthesis 55
  2.4 Hypothesis 60
4 3 Methodology 62
326.56 KB
  3.1 Introduction 62
  3.2 The village setting in Pakistan 62
  3.3 The study of Population : Faisalabad city 65
  3.4 The research areas 67
  3.5 Methodology and data sources 69
  3.6 Variables defined 74
  3.7 Statistical Techniques 93
  3.8 Probit analysis 95
5 4 Research Finding and Analysis 100
294.37 KB
  4.1 Introduction 100
  4.2 Determinants of family’s Migration(Push and Pull factors) 101
  4.3 Determinants of the individuals’ Migration 102
  4.4 Migrants adjustment scenario at destination 103
  4.5 Impact of Migration on the Urban and Rural communities 105
  4.6 Mate Selection 106
  4.7 Migrants’ Responses about children Marriage 107
  4.8 Parents’ attitude toward children’s education 108
  4.9 Utilization of the remittances 108
  4.10 Feeling due to Migration 109
  4.11 Management of the social functions 110
  4.12 Change of Profession 111
  4.13 Prospects of Migration in the urban community 112
  4.14 Prospects of Migration in the rural community 114
  4.15 Test of Hypotheses 121
6 5 Summary, Conclusion and recommendations 134
102.03 KB
7 6 Literature cited 147
134.78 KB
8 7 Appendix 160
111.72 KB