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Title of Thesis

Nisar Hussain
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Agri. Extension/ University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Agri. Extension
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
human development index, extension administration, extension administrators, punjab, agricultural extension systems

There are some 1.3 billion people around the globe who live on less than one US dollar a day. As a results, more than 800 million people do not gent enough food to eat and over a billion lack access to safe water. These figures are considered signs of abject poverty. The United Nations Human Development report (HRD-1997) indicates that Pakistan is at the bottom of Human Development index with a dismal ranking of 139 and this is fare below Sri Lanka (91), China(108) Maldives (111), Myanmar (131) and India (138) in South-Asian region.

Pakistan is basically and agricultural county. About two-thirds (67.5%) of its people live in rural areas and depend upon agriculture for their livelihood. Agriculture accounts for 24% of the GDP and employs 48.4% of the total workforce (Govt. of Pakistan,2003). That is why the Government is quite prudently treating agriculture as a priority sector in its policy of strategic planning to accelerate economic growth and alleviate the extreme poverty syndrome.

The agricultural extension service (AES) which is a provincial responsibility I Pakistan tries to educate farmers regarding the adoption of latest technology. Recently the extension administrators have been required to work under a different paradigm i.e Decentralized extension. Therefore this study was designed to identify and prioritize the training needs of extension administrators (EAs) regarding their professional competencies in the Punjab, Pakistan. The study used a descriptive survey research methodology. Out of 134 extension administrators, a random sample of 112 was taken. A questionnaire was developed by the researcher from the synthesis of related literature and organized series of workshops. The questionnaire was consisted of two parts (1) Biographical information

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2000.54 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
245.97 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
199.63 KB
  1.1 Background information 1
  1.2 Introduction to the Punjab province 6
  1.3 Importance of the study 18
  1.4 Problem statement 19
  1.5 Objectives of the study 20
  1.6 Assumptions of the study 21
  1.7 Limitations of the study 21
  1.8 Definitions of terms 21
3 2 Review of literature 24
587.55 KB
  2.1 Extension administrators in Pakistan 24
  2.2 Agricultural extension systems in Pakistan 27
  2.3 Competenices Needed for extension workers in Pakistan 48
  2.4 Extension workers’ Competence related studies conducted in developing countries other than Pakistan 54
  2.5 Competencies needed for extension workers in developed countries 57
  2.6 Competencies needed for extension administrators in Pakistan 60
  2.7 Competencies needed for extension administrators/ specialists in developed countries other than Pakistan 61
  2.8 Competencies needed fro extension administrators in developed countries 63
  2.9 Training needs assessment techniques 70
  2.10 Review of methodological approaches used in similar studies 73
  2.11 Summary and synthesis of review of literature 95
4 3 Methodology 98
59.25 KB
  3.1 Research design 98
  3.2 The Target population 99
  3.3 The sample 99
  3.4 Research instrument 100
  3.5 Data collection 102
  3.6 Data analysis 103
  3.7 Focus Group discussion (FGD ) 103
5 4 Results and discussion 104
722.17 KB
  4.1 Characteristics of the respondents 104
  4.2 The possessed and importance levels of competencies 118
  4.3 Professional competency categories 159
  4.4 Overall ranking of training needs 163
  4.5 Socio-Economic aspects of EAs and their competence 170
6 5 Summary , Conclusions and recommendations 185
110.86 KB
  5.1 Summary 185
  5.2 Conclusions 190
  5.3 Recommendations 197
7 6 Literature cited 199
370.66 KB