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Title of Thesis

Impact of Maternal Depression on Psychological Development of Infants

Author(s)

Zafar Iqbal

Institute/University/Department Details
National Institute Of Psychology, Centre Of Excellence / Quaid-i-azam University, Islamabad
Session
2010
Subject
Psychology
Number of Pages
206
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Psychological, Months, Depression, Susceptibility, Infants, Impact, Development, Maternal, Factor, Children, Mental, Health

Abstract
High rates of postnatal depression have been reported in the developing world.It has also been reported that more than 200 million children under 5 years of age in developing countries do not reach their developmental potential.This study examined the possibility of maternal depression as a risk factor for psychological development of infants.There is likely to be a particularly high risk during the first year of life, not only because this is a time of increased susceptibility of mothers to a depressive episode but also because it is during this period that the infant requires most responsive care.The aim of this study was to systematically investigate this association in a representative rural communitybased sample in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, using a natural groups design. 160 infants of mothers diagnosed to have depressive disorder in the third trimester, and 160 infants of mothers psychologically well in the third trimester, were followed up for one year.Mothers’ mental state was re-assessed postnatally at 2, 6 and 12 months using the WHO Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN). While, Bayley Scales of Infant Development were administered to the infants of both depressed and non-depressed mothers at the age of 12 months. Information was also collected about demographics, birth, socio-economic, and socio-cultural variables.Significantly lower developmental scores (Bayley mental, motor & behaviour rating scores) were found through univariate analysis in the infants at 12 months age who were exposed to maternal depression at 2 months postnatally as compared to infants of non-depressed mothers at 2 months postnatally.This association did remain significant for motor and behaviour rating scores at multivariate analysis, while mental scores did not remain significant along with significant association with infants having low birth weight and mothers having 4 or more children.Maternal depression is a significant risk factor of poor psychological development of infants in the first year of life. It may also be a significant marker for other infant risk factors such as low birth weight and maternal risk factor of having 4 or more children.The findings have implications for both infant and maternal mental health policy and practice.

Download Full Thesis
682 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

 
17 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

 

1
112 KB
3 2 REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE

 

11
271 KB
4 3 METHOD

 

72
255 KB
5 4 RESULTS

 

96
188 KB
6 5 DISCUSSION

 

129
138 KB
7

6

REFERENCES AND APPENDICES

 

148
192 KB