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Title of Thesis

Study of Zinc Ferrite Containing Ferrimagnetic Bioactive Glass Ceramics for the Hyperthermia Treatment of Cancer

Author(s)

Mr. Saqlain Abbas Shah

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Physics / Government College University, Lahore
Session
2011
Subject
Physics
Number of Pages
89
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Glass, Bioactive, Study, Cells, Temperature, Ferrimagnetic, Materials, Cancer, Tumor, Ceramics, Ferrite, Hyperthermia, Generation, Treatment, Zinc, Magnetic

Abstract
Ferrimagnetic bioactive glass ceramics are expected to be potential candidates for the hyperthermia treatment of cancer.When placed in an alternating magnetic field of high frequency, these materials generate heat energy by hysteresis and eddy current losses.Tumor cells usually perish around 43 C due to the poorly developed nervous and circulatory system whereas healthy body cells remain unaffected at this temperature.Such materials should have the adequate ability to bond with the tissues (bioactivity).Much work has been done on Fe3O4 containing glass ceramics for this purpose but present work is the first ever detailed study of its kind on ZnFe2O4 containing ferrimagnetic bioactive glass ceramics for the hyperthermia treatment of cancer.
Glass ceramics of the composition (%wt) xZnO • 25Fe2O3 • (40 -x)SiO2 • 25CaO • 7P2O5 • 3Na2O were prepared by melt-quench method and subsequent sintering at 1100 C.After sintering the materials were quenched to about -10 C to cause ferrimagnetism by preserving the high temperature state of mixed spinels, i.e., random distribution of cations at tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites of the spinel lattice.Magnetic properties of ferrimagnetic materials were further enhanced by cooling the materials in an aligning magnetic field to cause anisotropy.XRD was used to study the crystalline phases in the materials.Magnetic properties of the materials were studied using VSM.The sample X10 (having 10% ZnO) exhibited the highest hysteresis area.Calorimetric properties were studied by placing the materials in a magnetic induction furnace.The sample X10 exhibited the best magnetic heat generation due to its highest hysteresis losses.Anisotropic materials showed better magnetic and calorimetric properties than the non-aligned materials.
Materials were immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) for 3 weeks to study the bioactivity.In Vitro characterization was carried out using XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDS, AAS & pH meter.The results confirmed that all samples were bioactive as layers of biological hydroxycarbonate apatite (HCA) appeared after 3 weeks.Sample X10 exhibited adequate bioactivity.Due to balanced calorimetric & biological properties, sample X10 was considered the potential material of choice to be used for the hyperthermia treatment of cancer as well as for re-enforcement of the damaged bones.

Download Full Thesis
11,390 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

 
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2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 The Spinel Structures and Magnetism
1.2 Magnetic hyperthermia and Cancer treatment
1.3 Magnetic induction heating
1.4 Ceramic biomaterials

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129 KB
3 2 LITERATURE SURVEY

 

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4 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1 Synthesis
3.2 Characterization

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5 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

4.1 X-Ray diffraction
4.2 Magnetic properties
4.3 Calorimetric measurements
4.4 Effects of aligning magnetic field
4.5 Bioactivity

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REFERENCES

 

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