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Title of Thesis

Bioleaching Of Metals From Ores And Electronic Scrap

Author(s)

Sadia Ilyasl

Institute/University/Department Details
Department Of Chemistry And Biochemistry, Faculty Of Sciences / University Of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Session
2011
Subject
Chemistry
Number of Pages
162
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Bioleaching, Potential, Experimental, Bioleaching, Electronic, Results, Demonstrate, Ores, Metals, Fabricated, Optimization, Bacterial, Microbial

Abstract
Low grade pyrite, sphalerite, complex Pb-Zn ore, nickel and copper containing sulphide ore’s bioleaching performances of pure un-adapted and metal ion-adapted cultures of different strains of Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans as well as their consortium with acidophilic hetertrotrophs were analyzed in shake flasks studies.Maximum bioleaching potential was observed in case of mixed adapted consortium of Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans strain RDB and Thermoplasma acidophilum.Orthogonal experimental array was designed for further co-optimization of process parameters for the enhancement of bioleaching efficiency.Then the technical feasibility to recover valuable metal ions from these ores by bioleaching process was tested in large columns at ambient temperature after optimization of process parameters in several small columns. Different pre-leaching and bioleaching strategies were adopted for maximum dissolution of metal ions from ores during column bioleaching studies.Changes in pH, redox potential, temperature, ferrous, ferric and total iron concentration, microbial growth and percent metals solubelization was observed periodically.Then bioleaching feasibility of electronic scrap by the selected moderately thermophilic strains of acidophilic chemolithotrophic and acidophilic heterotrophic bacteria was tested.These included Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans of different strains, Thermoplasma acidophilum and an unidentified acidophilic heterotroph (code A1TSB).At scrap concentration of 10 g/L, a mixed consortium of the metal adapted cultures was able to leach more than 81 % of Ni, 89 % of Cu, 7 9 % of Al and 83 % of Zn.Then conical bubble reactor was fabricated locally and effect of hydraulic retention time on bioleaching potential was investigated and after that lab-scale columns with automated pH and temperature control were fabricated locally and bioleaching studies of electronic scrap in a bubble reactor was carried out.In case of column bioleaching studies the tolerance of bacterial cultures tov mixed metal ions (Ag+, Al3+, Cu2+, Fe3+, Ni2+, Pb2+, Sn2+ and Zn2+) was improved
markedly after nearly two year adaptation from 12 g/L to 20 g/L.The results from these studies demonstrate that 80 % Zn, 64 % Al, 86 % Cu and Ni 74 % can be recovered from electronic scrap by microbial leaching process using mixed adapted consortium of moderately thermophilic bacteria at column bioleaching level and 4 % Al, 6 % Zn, 5 % Cu and 7 % Ni can be leached out during preleaching.This finding may facilitate on industrial scale implementation of this process for recycling of metals from electronic scrap.

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S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

 
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2

1

INTRODUCTION


 

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3 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1 Historical background
2.2 Microorganisms involved in bioleaching
2.3 Mechanism of bioleaching
2.4 Factors influencing bioleaching
2.5 Applications of bioleaching
2.6 Bioleaching of electronic scraps

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4 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1 Source of ore samples
3.2 Analysis of ore samples
3.3 Preparation of ore samples for bioleaching studies
3.4 Microorganisms used in bioleaching experiments
3.5 Collection, isolation and enrichment of microbial samples
3.6 Growth media
3.7 Bioleaching studies
3.8 Sampling procedure
3.9 Orthogonal experimental array
3.10 Column bioleaching of Huangshan ore
3.11 Column bioleaching of Gansu ore
3.12 Column bioleaching of Dyer ore
3.13 Source and description of Electronic scrap samples
3.14 Culture conditions
3.15 Adaptation of microorganisms
3.16 Shake flask bioleaching studies
3.17 Protein estimation
3.18 Bioleaching of electronic scrap in a Bubble reactor
3.19 Column bioleaching studies of Electronic scrap
3.20 Estimation of soluble iron species

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5 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Source of microbial samples
4.2 Physico-chemical analysis of collected samples
4.3 PCR amplification of the 16S rDNA
4.4 Preliminary bioleaching studies
4.5 Orthogonal experimental array for process parameters
4.6 Shake flask experiments with different sulfidic ores
4.7 Column bioleaching of huangshan ore
4.8 Column bioleaching of low grade gansu ore
4.9 Column bioleaching of low grade sulphide ore of copper
4.10 Shake flask bioleaching studies of electronic scrap
4.11 Bioleaching of electronic scrap in a bubble reactor
4.12 Column bioleaching studies

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6 5 SUMMARY

 

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7 6 REFERENCES

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