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Title of Thesis

Influence of Leadership Behavior and Participatory Decision Making on the Employees organizational Commitment

Author(s)

M. Ismail Ramay

Institute/University/Department Details
Department Of Engineering Management, Centre For Advanced Studies In Engineering / University Of Engineering And Technology, Taxila
Session
2010
Subject
Engineering Management
Number of Pages
189
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Organizational, Management, Leadership, Participatory Decision, Making, Commitment, Job, Satisfaction, Morale, Pakistan, Influence, Employees, Behavior, Participatory

Abstract
A large number of studies have examined the antecedents of organizational commitment in the western countries.Research in the area of leadership behavior, organizational commitment and employees’ job satisfaction is noticeably absent in Pakistan.The objective of this thesis is to examine the effect of leadership behavior, participation of employees in the organizational decision making, and their effect on organizational commitment.Job satisfaction and morale is also observed as an outcome.The subject used in this study is faculty members of different private and public universities of Pakistan.
A survey was conducted and then complemented by some semi structured interviews.A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed to faculty in eighteen public and private sector universities, from which 237 usable completed questionnaires were returned (79% response rate). Correlation and regression were performed to investigate the relationship between faculty’s commitment to their universities and the other variables measured in the study. A model of commitment was developed using a multiple regression analysis in which a link of the role of leadership behavior and employees’ participation in decision making with organizational commitment was explored.
It is observed that organizational leadership and participatory decision-making exert a significant impact on commitment.The two leadership behaviors – task oriented behavior and participative style of management – have a positive effect on commitment while the laissez-faire style had a negative effect on commitment.
The results of this study are in agreement with the model proposed by Bass & Avolio (1995) in which relation-oriented behavior is more significant. As compared to Steers model, the continuance commitment shows higher significance than affective commitment in this study The results of this study also reveal that job satisfaction has a strong association with faculty’s organizational commitment and also that the faculty’s morale is affected by university leadership’s behavior.

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S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

 
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1

IiNTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE OF THE STUDY

1.1 Introduction
1.2 Rationale for the Thesis
1.3 Objectives of Study Problem Setting
1.4 Issue of Commitment, Leadership Behavior and Faculty’s Job Satisfaction in Pakistan
1.5 Conditions of Higher Education in Pakistan
1.6 Our Universities Working Environment
1.7 The Issue of University Ranking and Higher Education Commission
1.8 Definition of Terms and Concepts
1.9 Significance of the Study
1.10 Problem Statement
1.11 Research Questions

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3 2 THE LITERATURE REVIEW, AND OVERVIEW OF THE RESEARCH

2.1 Leadership
2.2 Research and Findings about Leadership Behavior
2.3 Evolution of Relationship Oriented and Task Oriented Leadership Behavior
2.4 Research on Task and Relation Oriented Leadership Behavior
2.5 Research on Organizational Commitment
2.6 Research on Affective, Normative and Continuance Commitment
2.7 Meyer and Allen’s Model of Commitment
2.8 Steers Model of Commitment
2.9 Relation between Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction
2.10 Decision Making
2.11 Types of Decisions
2.12 Participation Oriented Decision Making
2.13 Faculty Participation and Other Perspective
2.14 Development of Participants’ Skill

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4 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Type of Study
3.3 Assumptions
3.4 Theoretical Framework and Variables
3.5 Empirical Model
3.6 Commitment and University Faculty
3.7 Relationship between Organizational Commitment and Leadership Behavior
3.8 Job Satisfaction of University Faculty
3.9 Participative Decision Making and University Faculty
3.10 Morale of Faculty
3.11 Hypothesis
3.12 Data Collection
3.13 Sampling Strategy
3.14 Survey Questionnaire
3.15 Deriving Final Questionnaire from Pilot Study Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (Meyer & Allen‘s OCQ) Job Satisfaction and Morale Questionnaire
3.17 Data Analysis Correlation Analysis Multiple Regression Analysis

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5 4 RESULT OF THE RESEARCH

4.1 Results of Questionnaire Survey
4.2 Characteristics of University Faculty
4.3 Sample Responses
4.4 Correlation between Major Types of Leadership Behaviors
4.5 Correlation among Organizational Commitment Scales
4.6 Correlation between the Task-Oriented and Relation-OrientedBehavior and the Organizational Commitment Scales
4.7 Correlation between Participatory Decision Making andOrganizational Commitment
4.8 Correlation between Participatory Decision Making and Job Satisfaction
4.9 Correlation between Commitment and Job Satisfaction
4.10 Correlation between Job Satisfaction and Morale
4.11 Results of Regression Analysis
4.12 Findings about Leadership behavior and Organizational Commitment
4.13 Findings about Participatory Decision Making
4.14 Findings about Job Satisfaction and Morale and Organizational Commitment
4.15 Hypothesis Evaluation

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6 5 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Discussion
5.3 Research Questions
5.4 Conclusions
5.5 Limitations of the Thesis
5.6 Implications for Educators and Administrators
5.7 Implications for Higher Education Commission and Policy Makers
5.8 Future Research Needs
5.9 Summary of Major Findings
5.10 Contribution of this Thesis

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7 6 REFERENCES

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