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Impact of Formative Evaluation and Fixed Internal Schedule Reinforcement on Academic Achievements of Secondary School Students

Mehmood, Tahir (2010) Impact of Formative Evaluation and Fixed Internal Schedule Reinforcement on Academic Achievements of Secondary School Students. PhD thesis, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad .

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Abstract

The study was designed to find out the impact of formative evaluation and fixed interval schedule reinforcement on academic achievements of secondary schools students. It was experimental design and completed in two phases with the duration of 120 days, 60 days for each phase. In first phase experimental group was evaluated by formative evaluation and in second phase experimental group was evaluated formatively and also was given fixed interval schedule reinforcement. In first phase 60 students were randomly selected from 9th In second phase 60 students were randomly selected from 10th class of Govt. High School Fateh Jang. This sample was divided into two equal groups. One served as control group and other as experimental group. A pretest was conducted to both the groups in the subjects of Math and English. Both groups were taught by subject specialist of Math and English. Control group was only taught and was not given any treatment whereas experimental group was taught and evaluated by teacher made test during session. After completion of 60 days teaching, a post test was conducted in Math and English. In second phase 60 students were randomly selected from 10th class of Govt. High School Fateh Jang. This sample was divided into two equal groups. One served as control group and other as experimental group. A pretest was conducted to both the groups in the subjects of Math and English. Both groups were taught by subject specialist of Math and English. Control group was only taught and was not given any treatment whereas experimental group was taught and evaluated by teacher made test and reinforcement was given with a fixed interval schedule, after every six days, during session. After completion of 60 days teaching, a post test was conducted in Math and English. It was found that formative evaluation and fixed interval schedule reinforcement has significant relationship with learning and academic achievements in the subjects of Math and English at secondary school level. It is recommended that educational institutional management may arrange capacity building programs for teachers to familiarize them with evaluation, its importance and its process. The managers of educational institutions may monitor teaching learning process with a view to implementing formative evaluations policy. Curriculum designers and developers may design and develop formative evaluation tools within curriculum documents for each subject keeping in view the requirements of fixed interval schedule reinforcement in the manuals for textbook instruction.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Formative Evaluation, Fixed Internal, Schedule Reinforcement, Academic Achievements. Secondary School Students, experimental design
Subjects:Social Sciences(g) > Education(g6)
ID Code:7262
Deposited By:Mr. Javed Memon
Deposited On:26 Dec 2011 13:33
Last Modified:26 Dec 2011 13:33

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