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Title of Thesis

Determination Of Heavy Metal Residues In The Milk And Meat Of Cattle And Goat

Author(s)

Bilal Aslam

Institute/University/Department Details
Department Of Physiology And Pharmacology, Faculty Of Veterinary Science / University Of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Session
2010
Subject
Veterinary Pharmacology
Number of Pages
223
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Heavy, Agricultural, Metal, Effluents, Domestic, Determination, Goat, Cattle, Kidney, Milk, Residues, Meat

Abstract
In present study, heavy metal residual concentrations of Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, As, and Hg in the milk and meat (muscles and organs) have been determined incattle and goat in two areas, each consisted of three sites, along the main sewerage drains of Faisalabad city. During present investigations the range of most heavy metal residues (mg/L) in milk of goat; Cd 0.083 to 0.145, Cr 0.983 to 1.277, Ni 20.421 to 20.402, Pb 41.762 to 43.414, As 0.381 to 0.403, Hg 1.205 to 1.226 and in cow milk; Cd 0.078 to 0.147, Cr 1.072 to 1.199, Ni 22.287 to 22.394, Pb 18.623 to 19.972, As 0.076 to 0.078, Hg 0.482 to 0.490 have been found higher than their corresponding reported values. Similar trends were observed in meat (muscles and organs) of goat: in muscles; arm 0.116 to 4.704, rib 0.008 to 4.559, thigh 0.024 to 8.841, in organs; liver 0.052 to 13.089, lun 0.022 to 12.908, kidney 0.026 to 14.150 and of cattle: in muscles; arm 0.016 to 2.760, rib 0.006 to 2.520, thigh 0.021 to 3.762, in organs; liver 0.053 to 13.433, lung 0.018 to 14.573, kidney 0.030 to 6.898. The most values of heavy metal residues have been found higher: in goat than in cattle, in Area 1 than in Area 2 and in summer than in winter. Drastic measures are suggested to detoxicate and treat both the industrial and domestic effluents which are intended to be used for agricultural purposes.

Download Full Thesis
1,076 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

 
66 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

 

1
63 KB
3 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1 Cadmium
2.2 Chromium
2.3 Nickel
2.4 Lead
2.5 Arsenic
2.6 Mercury

4
166 KB
4 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1 Experimental Animals
3.2 Collection of Milk Samples
3.3 Collection of Meat Samples
3.4 Wet Digestion
3.5 Analytical Procedures

30
 328 KB
5 4 RESULTS


 

34
200 KB
6 5 DISCUSSION

5.1 Milk
5.2 Meat
5.3 Conclusion
5.4 Recommendations

85
103 KB
7 6 SUMMARY

 

95
57 KB
8 7 REFERENCES AND APPENDIX

97
470 KB