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U.S POLICY OF NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION IN SOUTH ASIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PAKISTAN EVALUATION AND IMPLICATIONS (1947-1990)

Tabassum, Shaista (1999) U.S POLICY OF NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION IN SOUTH ASIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PAKISTAN EVALUATION AND IMPLICATIONS (1947-1990). PhD thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.

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Abstract

The concept of nuclear non-proliferation emerged after the Second World war when the world saw the disaster caused by the atomic bomb. A number of plans were discussed and an international consensus was reached on a treaty for controlling the spread of nuclear weapons in the world. The nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT) was not initially signed by many states but gradually received universally acceptability. States entered into the treaty as either nuclear weapon or non-nuclear weapon states. Three non-signatory states were India, Pakistan and Israel Located in Asia. The thrust of US nuclear non-proliferation policy was in South Asia where two major non-signatory states were situated bordering each other. India reached the level of a nuclear power in 1947 while Pakistan started its program about the same time. The US initially pressurized Pakistan to stop its nuclear program but the situation changed after the Soviet military intervention of Afghanistan in 1979. Until the late eighties, the US exempted Pakistan from all restrictions and supplied significant military aid. After 1990, it reverted back to its strict policy towards Pakistan. During the same period, it continued to neglect Indian nuclear program in order to bring India closer to the US and away from the Soviet Union. This dissertation is an attempt to highlight important events of theUS nuclear non-proliferation policy towards India and Pakistan in the period 1947-1990. The purpose of this research is to compare the US policy towards these two countries and to demonstrate its uneven and contradictory approach as far as the issue of nuclear non-proliferation is concerned.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:nuclear non-proliferation, south asia, pakistan, u.s policy, atomic bomb, nuclear activities, u.s india nuclear relation, u.s pakistan nuclear relation
Subjects:Social Sciences(g) > International Relations (g10)
ID Code:722
Deposited By:Mr. Muhammad Asif
Deposited On:27 Sep 2006
Last Modified:04 Oct 2007 21:02

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