I=
Pakistan Research Repository Home
 

Title of Thesis

The Relationship Between Occupational Stress And Organizational Commitment In Nongovernmental Organizations Of Pakistan

Author(s)

Zahir Uddin Butt

Institute/University/Department Details
Faculty Of Advanced Integrated Studies And Research / National University Of Modern Languages, Islamabad
Session
2009
Subject
Human Resources Development
Number of Pages
281
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Relationship, Organizational, Research, Pakistan, Strongest, Commitment, Occupational, Nongovernmental, Stress, Between, Experienced, Employees

Abstract
The purpose of this research was to extend the existing body of knowledge on the relationship between occupational stress and employees’ organizational commitment into the context of non-governmental organizations of Pakistan, as little research have been conducted on this relationship in Pakistan.
It was a descriptive correlational study in which scientific methodology was used to answer the research questions. Based upon the review of the recent literature available on the subject, a conceptual framework was developed to study the relationship between occupational stress and organizational commitment in the NGO sector in Pakistan. The framework illustrates three dimensions of occupational stress including occupational role stress, personal strain and coping resources and their hypothesized relationship with organizational commitment, as well as the influence of some major demographic factors including age, experience, job position, gender, qualification, income and marital status on the relationship between occupational stress and organizational commitment. Occupational stress inventory-Revised Edition and Organizational Commitment Questionnaire were used to collect data. The overall response rate from the NGO employees was 64%. Several statistical techniques, including arithmetic mean, standard deviation, correlation analysis, percentile analysis and analysis of variance-ANOVA were used to test the hypotheses of the study.
Consistent with prior research, an inverse relationship was found between occupational stress and organizational commitment. The level of occupational stress experienced by NGO employees was found to be high. The occupational roles that employees play were reported as the main source of stress.The level of employees’ organizational commitment was generally moderate but with a tendency towards high. Normative commitment was reported as the strongest form of commitment. Demographic variables of age, experience, job position and income as well as gender significantly influenced the relationship between occupational stress and organizational commitment.
This study is significant because of the insights it provides for the NGO managers to better understand the occupational stressors inherent in the functions of their workforce. Furthermore, this study develops an understanding of the commitment process and its relationship with occupational stress to promote commitment among employees and help them achieve their organizational goals effectively.NGO management can utilize the research findings to formulate appropriate strategies to address the stress related problems of their employees.

Download Full Thesis
1,099 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

v
23 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
1.3 Research Objectives
1.4 Study Questions
1.5 Introduction To The Conceptual Framework Of The Study
1.6 Brief Introduction Of The Methodology
1.7 Significance Of The Study
1.8 Description Of Concepts Used In The Study
1.9 Structure Of The Thesis
1.10 Summary

1
69 KB
3 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0 Introduction
2.1 Stress: The Concept And Phenomenon
2.2 Definitions Of Stress
2.3 Theories Of Occupational Stress
2.4 Models Of Occupational Stress
2.5 Causes Of Occupational Stress
2.6 Effects Of Stress
2.7 Growing Interest In Organizational Commitment
2.8 Contemporary Theories Of Organizational Commitment
2.9 Recent Research On Organizational Commitment
2.10 Forms Of Organizational Commitment
2.11 Measuring Instruments Of Organizational Commitment
2.12 Effects Of Low Organizational Commitment
2.13 Occupational Stress And Organizational Commitment In Ngos
2.14 Commentary On The Literature Review
2.15 Summary

18
314 KB
4 3 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

3.0 Introduction
3.1 Description Of The Conceptual Model
3.2 Hypothesis Of The Study
3.3 Summary

107
101 KB
5 4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

4.0 Introduction
4.1 Brief Overview Of The Research Objectives
4.2 Research Design
4.3 Research Methodology And Justification
4.4 Operational Definition Of Variables
4.5 The Validity And Reliability Of Research Instruments
4.6 The Pilot Testing
4.7 Sampling Process
4.8 Data Collection
4.9 Statistical Techniques
4.10 Limitations Of The Study
4.11 Ethical Considerations
4.12 Summary

125
71 KB
6 5 RESULTS

5.0 Introduction
5.1 Characteristics Of The Respondents
5.2 Descriptive Statistics Of Occupational Stress Inventory
5.3 Descriptive Statistics Of Organizational Commitment Questionnaire
5.4 Statistical Analysis Of The Data Related To The Research Hypotheses
5.5 Results Related To Unhypothesized Variables
5.6 Summary Of The Research Results
5.7 Summary

147
124 KB
7 6 MAJOR FINDINGS, LIMITATIONS, SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH AND CONCLUSIONS

6.0 Introduction
6.1 Discussion
6.2 Conclusions
6.3 Limitations Of The Study…
6.4 Suggestions For Future Research
6.5 Applied Significance
6.6 Managerial Implications For Ngo Management
6.7 Summary

185
94 KB
8

7

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

209
279 KB