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Title of Thesis

Impact of Superpave Mix Design Method on Rutting Behaviour of Flexible Pavements

Author(s)

Kamran Muzaffar Khan

Institute/University/Department Details
Department Of Civil Engineering, Faculty Of Civil & Environmental Engineering / University Of Engineering And Technology, Taxila
Session
2008
Subject
Civil Engineering
Number of Pages
214
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
National, Progress, Superpave, Rutting, Flexible, Hot,  Mix,  Asphalt, Pavement, Behaviour, Methods, Design, Impact

Abstract
Effective communication is a key to national progress. Pakistan is located in a region where South-Asia converges with Central Asia and the Middle East. Blessed with extensive natural resources and rich agricultural land, it improves its economy particularly by exporting valuable items. In order to improve trade and economic activities and to materialize regional linkages with China, Afghanistan, Iran, Russia and other neighbouring Central Asian countries, the country is gearing up towards a large infrastructure network. Roads constitute a vital part of the infrastructure. In Pakistan most of the roads are constructed using flexible pavement concept, due to their comparatively low construction and maintenance cost.
Pakistan has national highways with a length over 9555 Kilometers and motorways of 515 Kilometers.The drastic increase in traffic volume during the last few decades has resulted in premature pavement failures of almost the whole infrastructure of Pakistan. Premature rutting of flexible pavements is one of the major pavement distresses being faced by the country which is primarily due to uncontrolled axle load and high ambient temperatures.Rutting in asphaltic concrete depends on many factors, such as the composition of asphalt mixes, grading and quality of aggregates, type of binder, percentage of the bituminous binder, air void contents, degree of compaction, environmental conditions, load repetition, the substructure, and the bearing capacity of the subgrade.
The objective of this research work was to compare the Superpave, Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) and Marshall methods of mix design of asphaltic concrete and to propose rut resisting asphalt mix suitable for local loading and environmental conditions. The mixes selected for the study were dense graded in case of Superpave and Marshall methods whereas gap graded for SMA.A comprehensive testing program was conducted on the samples prepared in the laboratory at the design asphalt contents and aggregate gradations.
Physical properties of aggregates and asphalt were determined in the laboratory confirming to ASTM and AASHTO specifications. Mechanical Properties of Marshall, Superpave and Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) were evaluated by performing Indirect Tensile Modulus Test, Uniaxial Loading Strain Test (Creep Test), Dynamic Modulus Test and Wheel Tracking Test under prevailing load and environmental conditions of Pakistan in order to compare the performance of mixes.
The study revealed that Superpave mixes performed better than Marshall and SMA mixes in terms of low induced permanent strains, high modulus of resilience, high dynamic modulus and better resistance against wheel rutting during wheel tracking test. Superpave
technology can be adopted for the design of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) pavements in the country due to its superiority over the conventional mix design procedures. The guidelines for implementing Superpave mix design procedure in Pakistan have been proposed.
In addition, a performance grading map has been proposed to be implemented in Pakistan by dividing it into seven zones according to the highest and lowest pavement temperatures.

Download Full Thesis
2,053 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

viii
57 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.0 General
1.1 Structural Behavior of Flexible Pavement
1.2 Visco-Elastic Behavior of Asphalt
1.3 Flexible Pavements Distresses in Pakistan
1.4 Solutions to the Rutting Problems in Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA)
1.5 Research Objectives
1.6 Scope of Work

2
390 KB
3 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Permanent Deformation in Flexible Pavements
2.2 Types of Rutting in Asphaltic concrete
2.3 Factors affecting Rutting
2.4 Rutting Potential of Different mixes
2.5 Performance of SMA against Rutting
2.6 Standard Types of Performance Testing Methods

14
173 KB
4 3 SUPERPAVE MIX DESIGN METHOD

3.0 Introduction
3.1 Superpave Asphalt Binder Tests
3.2 Formation of Binder Grades
3.3 Volumetric Properties of Superpave Mixes
3.4 Performance Evaluation of Superpave Mixes
3.5 Comparison of Superpave with Conventional Mixes

29
360 KB
5

4

PERFORMANCE GRADING OF ASPHALT

4.0 Introduction
4.1 Collection of Air Temperature Data across Pakistan
4.2 Analysis of the Air Temperature Data
4.3 Zoning of Pakistan on the basis of Pavement Temperatures

47
180 KB
6

5

MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION

5.0 Introduction
5.1 Aggregates Properties
5.2 Aggregate Gradation
5.3 Binder Testing

56
410 KB
7

6

PERFORMANCE BASED TESTING

6.0 Introduction
6.1 Indirect Tensile Modulus Test
6.2 Uniaxial Loading Strain Test (Creep Test)
6.3 Dynamic Modulus Test
6.4 Wheel Tracking Test

71
881 KB
8

7

DISCUSSION

7.0 Introduction
7.1 Volumetric Study of Different Mixes
7.2 Performance Based Properties
7.3 Master Curves Development

121
258 KB
9

8

CONCLUSIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND RESEARCH POTENTIAL

 

131
124 KB
10

9

REFERENCES AND ANNEXURE

 

136
422 KB