I=
Pakistan Research Repository Home
 

Title of Thesis

Post-independence / post-colonial Pakistani Fiction In English: A Socio-political Study With Focus On Twilight In Delhi, The Murder of Aziz Khan, Ice-candy-man And Moth Smoke

Author(s)
Munawar Iqbal Ahmed

Institute/University/Department Details
Faculty Of Advanced Integrated Studies And Research / National University Of Modern Languages, Islamabad
Session
2010
Subject
English
Number of Pages
278
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Independence, Moth, Islam, English, Distance, Smoke, Sociopolitical, Post, Focus, Geographical, Candy, Aziz, Khan, Delhi, Fiction, Colonial, Pakistani, Murder

Abstract
Since Independence in 1947, Pakistan, as a nation and state, has been grappling with socio-political and economic problems, the issue of national identity and even an existential dilemma. Its postcolonial existence has also been threatened by the failure of its leadership that lacked imagination and vision.Therefore, questions like “Can Pakistan survive?” have often been posed by the political pundits. The subject of this research is how Pakistan’s national texts, particularly creative writings in English, reflect socio-cultural and political transformations since Independence.Ethnically and linguistically, Pakistan is a pluralistic society, but the state has pursued centrist and unitary policies.Islam has been (ab)used to justify the unitary character of the state.Thus state and ‘ideological state apparatuses’ have been in collision with the natural pluralism of its society.Therefore, various conflicts have been raging and boiling over to shake the foundations of the state and the society.The response of Pakistan’s creative writers, with few exceptions, has been ambivalent towards these issues, until a new generation of young writers since early 1990s began to respond more openly and critically. In 1967, Zulfikar Ghose, with the advantage of geographical distance, gave a powerful critique of Pakistan’s new ruling elite in his novel The Murder of Aziz Khan.The same sentiments are expressed by Mohsin Hamid in his 2000 novel Moth Smoke.By analyzing these texts I have tried to show how Pakistan is frozen in time: its socio-political problems still persist with the same frequency and intensity. While analyzing Pakistan’s texts in English, I have tried to make use of the theoretical frameworks expounded by such social theorists as Michael Foucault, Antonio Gramsci, Louis Althusser as well as the theoretical underpinnings of larger postcolonial theory.The study has a topical significance as Pakistani writers in English, in my view, after a long period of marginalization, are registering a strong presence in the global academia.This dissertation aims at contributing to the growing field of Pakistani literary studies and the wider English Studies.

Download Full Thesis
731 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

vi
11 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION: PAKISTAN AT THE CROSS ROADS

1.1 Introduction
1.2 Politics & Pakistani Fiction
1.3 Statement of the Problem
1.4 Methodology and Plan of Research
1.5 Structure of Study
1.6 Significance / Aim of the Study
1.7 Notes

1
79 KB
3 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Partition and Its Politics
2.2 Post-Partition Pakistani Society and Politics
2.3 Critiques of the Primary Sources
2.4 Brief Survey of Pakistani Novel in English
2.5 Notes

16
178 KB
4 3 SOCIO-POLITICAL CONDITIONS OF MUSLIM COMMUNITY BEFORE PARTITION WITH FOCUS ON TWILIGHT IN DELHI

3.1 Historical Force at Play
3.2 The Response of the Creative Voices
3.3 Notes

63
100 KB
5 4 PARTITION AND THE MAKING OF POSTCOLONIAL PAKISTAN WITH FOCUS ON ICECANDY- MAN

4.1 Genesis of Separatism
4.2 1937 Congress Ministries
4.3 The Cabinet Mission of 1946
4.4 Budget Proposals of Liaqat Ali Khan
4.5 Mountbatten’s Viceroyship and the Post-Independence Problems of Pakistan
4.6 Living with Burden of History
4.7 Partition and the Creative Response
4.8 Notes

86
211 KB
6 5 POST-INDEPENDENCE/POST-COLONIAL PAKISTAN AND LEGACIES OF PARTITION

5.1 Position and Problems of Women
5.2 Nuclear Confrontation with India and its Impact on Pakistani Society
5.3 The Kashmir Imbroglio
5.4 Provincialism
5.5 Notes

157
82 KB
7 6 SOCIETY AND POLITICS OF POST-INDEPENDENCE PAKISTAN IN THE MURDER OF AZIZ KHAN

6.1 Alienation from the Land
6.2 Critique of Capitalism
6.3 Village versus City
6.4 Oppression and Resistance
6.5 Collapse of Social Order
6.6 State Apparatuses
6.7 Ghose’s Prophetic Narrative
6.8 Nation as a Construct
6.9 Notes

174
121 KB
8 7 REPRESENTATION OF POST-NUCLEAR PAKISTAN IN MOTH SMOKE

7.1 Daru’s Characterization
7.2 Moth Smoke as a Postcolonial Pakistani Novel
7.3 Class Conflict/Social Stratification and Polarization
7.4 Marxist Reading of Moth Smoke
7.5 Significance of a Woman Protagonist
7.6 Corruption in Social, Political and Economic Spheres
7.7 Nuclearization and Radicalization of Pakistan
7.8 Self-destruction and the Collapse of Social and Moral order
7.9 Extremism and ‘War on Terror’ in Contemporary Pakistan
7.10 Notes

207
152 KB
9 8 CONCLUSION

 

249
67 KB
10

9

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

259
71 KB