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Title of Thesis

Economic Feasibility Of Integrated Nutrient Management For Sustainable Rainfed Maize-legume Based Intercropping Systems

Author(s)

Rashid Saleem

Institute/University/Department Details
Department Of Agronomy, Faculty Of Crop And Food Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah / Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi
Session
2010
Subject
Agronomy
Number of Pages
331
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Intercropping, Legume, Poultry, Maize, Integrated, Feasibility, Rainfed, Equivalent, Assimilation, Economic, Based, Resource, Sustainable, Management, Benefit

Abstract
Bio-economic efficiency of maize - legumes based intercropping systems under different fertility treatments and its effects on subsequent wheat crop were evaluated at National Agriculture Research Center (NARC) Islamabad Pakistan. Cropping systems were kept in vertical blocks and fertility treatments in horizontal blocks replicated thrice with RCBD split block set up. Five cropping systems viz. maize alone, sole mungbean, maize + mungbean intercropping, sole mashbean and maize + mashbean intercropping and five fertility treatments ( control ; inoculation ( maize seed with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and legumes seed with rhizobium strain (TAL 169) + PK (80-60 kg ha-1), (120-80-60 NPK kg ha-1); poultry manure at the rate of 15 t ha-1, and half poultry manure (7.5 t ha-1) + half PK (40-30 kg ha-1) + inoculation with PGPR for maize and TAL 169 for legumes) were included in research trials. The objectives this study were to evaluate efficiency of maize crop in pure stand and test its compatibility under different legume intercropping systems; to compare the potential of legumes in maize-based systems under biological, chemical and organic fertility protocols for sustainable farming systems and its impact on succeeding wheat crop.
Results of the study revealed that poultry manure @ 7.5 t ha-1 + 40 kg ha-1Phosphorus and 30 kg ha-1 Potassium) + plant growth promoting rhizobacteria improved maize yield by 38 % while PK (80:60 kg ha-1) + Rhizobium inoculation enhanced the yield of mungbean and mashbean by 32 % and 28 % over control, respectively. Intercropping reduced the yields of mungbean and mashbean by 28 % and 23 %, respectively, but maize + mashbean and maize + mungbean did not affect maize yield compared to respective sole cropping systems. Land use efficiency was enhanced 76 % under maize + mashbean and 70 % under maize + mungbean intercropping systems. Land occupancy duration i.e. area time equivalent ratio (ATER) 44 % was higher under maize + mashbean and 40 % under maize + mungbean intercropping systems. In same way, maize + mashbean intercropping posted 18 % higher hectare days i.e. area harvest equivalent ratio (AHER) compared to maize + mungbean intercropping systems (14 % hectare day). Likewise, higher values for aggressivity (A), relative crowding coefficient (RCC), actual yield loss (AYL), competitive ratio (CR), monetary advantage index (MAI) intercropping advantage (IA), resource use efficiency (RUE), agronomic efficiency (AE) and maize equivalent yield (MEY) were recorded in maize + mashbean than maize + mungbean intercropping systems. Higher CGR, NAR values were recorded of maize with half PM + half PK + inoculation. Wheat grain yield improved by 12 % and 11 % sown after mashbean and mungbean treated with PK (80:60 kg ha-1) + Rhizobium inoculation respectively. In similar fashion, wheat grain yield increased by 20 % after 15 t ha-1 poultry manure and 15 % wheat grain yield was improved with poultry manure @ 7.5 t ha-1 + PK (40:30 kg ha-1) + inoculation. In maize higher crop growth rate (CGR) and net assimilation rate (NAR) were registered in poultry manure plots 7.5 t ha-1 + PK (40:30 kg ha-1) + inoculation treatment.Same variables increased the pH, NPK and organic matter in soil. Maize + mashbean with NPK (120:80:60 kg ha-1) gave the highest net benefit of Rs. 68720.75 ha-1 without wheat in succession and Rs. 96543.95 ha-1 with wheat in succession, respectively. According to partial budget analysis highest net benefit of Rs.148069.92 ha-1 was accrued in maize + mashbean – wheat sequence with half poultry manure + half PK + inoculation.

Download Full Thesis
4,218 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

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2

1

INTRODUCTION

 

3
110 KB
3 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Intercropping
2.2 Evaluation Of Intercropping Systems
2.3 Maize- Legume Intercropping
2.4 Legumes And Nitrogen Contribution To The Cereal Component
2.5 Effect Of Different Fertlizers/manures On Crops And Soil Produtivity
2.6 Effect Of Biofertlizers On Crop Productivity
2.7 Effect Of Integrated Nutrient Management On Crop Productivity
2.8 Impact Of Cereal-legumes And Integrated Nutrient Management On Subsequent Crop And Soil
2.9 Economic Evaluation Of Intercropping

8
264 KB
4 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1 Experimental Site
3.2 Soil And Poultry Manure Analyses
3.3 Metrological Data
3.4 Experiment And Treatments
3.5 Layout
3.6 Crop Husbandry
3.7 Data Collection
3.8 Observation Recorded
3.9 Performance Of Subsequent Wheat
3.10 Procedures For Data Recording

50
845 KB
5 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Experiment
4.2 Agronomic Traits Of Mungbean
4.3 Agronomic Traits Of Mashbean
4.4 Competition Indices
4.5 Resource Utilization Efficiency Of Intercropping Systems
4.6 Economic Analysis Of Maize Based Cropping Systems Without Wheat In Succession
4.7 Performance Of Subsequent Wheat Crop
4.8 Economic Analysis Of Maize Based Cropping Systems With Wheat In Succession
4.9 Soil Parameters During 2007-08
4.10 Soil Parameters During 2008-09

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6 5 SUMMARY

 

210
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7

6

LITERATURE CITED AND APPENDICES

 

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