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Socio-cultural Determinants Of Women’s Empowerment In Punjab, Pakistan

Khan, Tariq Mahmood (2010) Socio-cultural Determinants Of Women’s Empowerment In Punjab, Pakistan. PhD thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad .



Pakistan is among the countries where gender discrimination in all fields of life is apparent. Women’s rights are violated and exploited. Moreover, women do not have their voice or independent opinion; even they are not given the right to decide about their life. Persisting socio-cultural norms and patriarchal structure of Pakistani society restricts women’s mobility, their participation in paid job and also deprive them from their inherited property. It is common perception that nations cannot make remarkable progress in any fields of life until their women are exploited and discriminated. Therefore, there is a need of empowering women for uplifting their status as well as the status of their family, community and nation. Keeping in view, the significance of the issue, present study was conducted. Main objectives of the study were to measure the empowerment level of women in study area and to identify the socio-cultural factors that influence women’s empowerment especially in domestic sphere. For this purpose a sample of 550 married women of reproductive age (15-49) excluding widows and divorced were taken from two randomly selected districts (Faisalabad and Rawalpindi) of Punjab Province of Pakistan. Information regarding demography, household, locality and other socio-cultural variables was collected through a structured interview schedule. In order to understand the complexity of the phenomenon of women’s empowerment, key informant interviews were also conducted by using semi structured interview schedule. Different statistical tools i.e. mean, standard deviation, bar charts, t-distribution, chi square test for association, gamma statistic, Somer’s d statistic, correlation coefficient, one way analysis of variance technique, and multiple regression analysis, were employed to systematically present the information, and to develop the relationship among the various explanatory variables and dependent variable (women’s empowerment). In order to observe the causality of relationship between the variables, multiple linear regression model was developed. The univeriate/descriptive analysis indicated that majority of women had lack of resources, their paid job involvement was negligible, they were less educated as compared to their husbands, and had low level of awareness about their rights. Their political interest and group participation were not encouraging. They had less decision making ability, less control over resources, less mobility and lower level of participation in family discussions. In contrast, they had moderate level of social networking and were receiving good cooperation of their husbands in daily affairs. The analysis based on key

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Discrimination, Empowerment, Determinants, Exploited, Technique, Political, Socio, Coefficient, Mobility, Objectives, Exploited, Cultural, Punjab, Demography, Women, Statistic
Subjects:Social Sciences(g) > Sociology (g19)
ID Code:6894
Deposited By:Mr. Javed Memon
Deposited On:09 Aug 2011 09:21
Last Modified:09 Aug 2011 09:21

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