Pakistan Research Repository

Gender Identification, Self Concept and Religious Beliefs Among Genetic Males with Gender Dysphoria

Fatima, Kaniz (2006) Gender Identification, Self Concept and Religious Beliefs Among Genetic Males with Gender Dysphoria. PhD thesis, University of Peshawar, Peshawar .



This research is on Male-to-Female Gender Dysphorics (Hijras) having their inborn gender as that of female, their categorization and comparison with normal males by the use of different psychological tests, questionnaires and interviews. It had three studies, the first translated and validated a "Combined Gender Identity And Transexuality Inventory" "COGIATI" wherein file internal consistency and stability of the instrument was also established. The second was of the views of educated group about gender dysphorics, and confirmed that for various anomalies the group used an umbrella term Hijra. The third was the Main Study, which involved psychological tests, questionnaires and in-depth interviews, and was again in three parts. The first investigated the types of gender dysphorics and explored the personal, social and sexual aspect. The second part studied the .self-concept of Hijras and of normal males, while the third part investigated the impact of religious believes upon both these groups. It was food that in Pakistan, unlike elsewhere in the world, religion largely influenced their identity and definition of Hijra, and also controlled their unacceptable behavior. The hypotheses of the research have been: in the third part, giving the results: The onset age of cross-dressing was three to eight years, the factors like certain family, social and cultural behaviors, the unfavorable family environments, the economic status and education of the parents and inadequate identification with fathers enhanced their femininity and shaped the controlled and expressed behavior of these Hijras. The .study affirmed the influence, more so of the religion and to some extent of the culture upon the expressed behavior and desires of Hijras for castration. This research will have positive implications on the studies like further refinement of the "COGIATV as a predictive and a clinical tool for gender dysphorics. This will also be a base for understanding the cognitive issues, various dimensions and the impact of religion that has never been investigated before regarding the gender dysphorics in Pakistan. All this will lead to the much-needed awareness about the gender dysphorics in Pakistan.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Gender Identification, Self Concept, Religious Beliefs, Genetic Males, Gender Dysphoria, Hijras, Transexuality
Subjects:Social Sciences(g) > Psychology (g16)
ID Code:6817
Deposited By:Mr. Javed Memon
Deposited On:28 Jul 2011 10:17
Last Modified:28 Jul 2011 10:17

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