Title of Thesis
The British Role and the Influence of English
Language and Literature in the Promotion of Pashto Language and
Area Study Centre (China, Russia and Central
Asia) / University of
|Number of Pages|
|Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and
abstract of thesis)|
British Role, Influence, English Language, Literature, Promotion, Pashto
Language, Literature, manuscripts
The English and Pashto languages and literatures are generally viewed as greatly distinct from each other and no substantial link between the two is usually imagined. Though the distinction is, no doubt, a marked one, yet it is a fact that Pashto language and literature owe much to the influence of English language and literature in their development to the present state. This process of development in Pashto language and literature was initiated by the British during their rule in the undivided India. As such, the British and the English language and literature have a prominent role in the development and promotion of Pashto language and literature.
The aim of my work was to study the influence of English language and literature on Pashto language and literature and trace its origin in the historical background of the significant British role concerning Pashto during their rule in India. Both these factors, that is, the British role regarding Pashto and the influence of English language and literature on Pashto language and literature resulted in the development and promotion of Pashto language and literature.
The research was conducted through the study of published books, articles, research papers, and a few theses and manuscripts on the subject. Moreover, different Pashto scholars were also informally interviewed in this regard. Those broad areas in Pashto language and literature in the twentieth century were identified where this foreign influence was clearly visible. These included the adoption of English words into Pashto and major developments in Pashto prose and poetry under this influence.
The study showed: (1) an appreciable work on Pashto language and literature by the British in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; (2) a borrowing of hundreds of English words by Pashto language; (3) the romantic influence of English poetry on modern Pashto poetry; (4) the adoption of new literary genres and forms into Pashto literature from English literature by Pukhtoon literary men and scholars in the twentieth century. The last one comprises, as included in this dissertation, Essay, Criticism, Novel, Short Story, Drama, and Literary Research.
These elements amply illustrate the presence of a marked influence of English language and particularly of English literature on Pashto language and literature, respectively. This study establishes the fact that the British and the English language d anliterature have a prominent role in the development and promotion of Pashto language and literature in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.