|Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and
abstract of thesis)|
Organization, Management, Reference, Cotton sector, comparing,
This dissertation, comprising five chapters, aims at describing and evaluating the current state of affairs in Uzbek Agriculture particularly its cotton sector, and comparing it with that of Pakistan.
Chapter I introducing the dissertation presents a general view of the Agricultural sector of Independent Uzbekistan. It also describes historical background to agricultural I organization and management on the territory of present day Uzbekistan. It briefly discusses the mode of agriculture and land tenure system during the nineteenth century and emergence of Collective Farms, State Farms, Private Holdings and Cotton Monoculture in the period of Soviet Uzbekistan.
Chapter 2 describes the organization and management of Uzbek agricultural sector during the Soviet era in considerable detail. Internal organization, legal and actual status, and income, expenditure of collective farms and state farms etc., have been explained. Development of cotton monoculture in Soviet Uzbekistan, to fulfil demands of Soviet Russia, its merits and pitfalls has been narrated. It also analyses the Soviet operative management system of the agricultural farms; its production and marketing policies.
Chapter 3 deals with the post Soviet Uzbek agricultural policy, structural changes,
privatization process, agrarian reforms, input and output markets, water Management and evaluates the performance of agricultural sector since independence. The chapter also looks at the cotton sector management, role of government plans in cotton production, marketing and domestic consumption.
Chapter 4 provides an overview of Pakistan's agriculture, especially cotton sector, compares and contrasts Pak-Uzbek agricultural sectors, their cotton production, processing and trading policies. It also identifies fields of mutual interest Concerning cotton sector since it is vital for the economics of both.
Chapter 5 concludes that though Sovkhoz and Kolkhoz in Uzbekistan are transformed into Shirkat (cooperative[s]) but the change is more cosmetic than in substance. The Shirkat, main producers of cotton, are still subject to government plans and resemble more the old Soviet Kolkhoz management. The state still monopolizes agricultural land, which can neither be sold nor purchased. Thus, the need to create a real sense of ownership by distributing land amongst the productive Canners is emphasised. Moreover, creation of market institutions for the supply of inputs and output where prices are determined by the interaction of demand and supply are emphasised. This would motivate farmers and in turn increase productivity.