Zaman, Gohar (2004) Rural Development; An Assessment of Participatory Development Approaches in NWFP & Northern Areas of Pakistan, the Case Studies of AKRSP, Pak-German IRDP and SRSC in Gilgit, Mardan and Kohat. PhD thesis, University of Peshawar, Peshawar .
The historical quest for a lasting solution to the problem of poverty and rural backwardness has led scholars and development planners to the realization that development efforts without the active participation of all the stakeholders tend to be inequitable and therefore nonsustainable. As a result, participatory approaches acquired universal acceptance and like other developing countries, a number of participatory initiatives were supported to evolve in Pakistan. Being the pioneers among such initiatives. AKRSP, SRSC and Pak-German IRDP Marlon have made valuable contributions to the theory and practice of participatory development by adopting community mobilization strategies to help people undertake development on their own. Their main focus is on fostering community organizations and linking them to development institutions to accelerate the process of socio-economic transformation. Being open to all the villagers and operating at the lowest level of the social ladder, community organizations have brought down development decisions to the level of ordinary people. The study confirms that the process has generated the sense of ownership among the beneficiaries of development schemes, caused the emergence of development oriented leadership at the local level and has made rural development economical and more inclusive. In many instances, increased focus on women education, acceptance of population welfare program, human rights activism, drug abuse control, crime control and enthusiasm for social welfare activities have emerged as the by products of community mobilization. But, the study also observes that the Village Organizations (VOs) need considerable capacity building support for broadening their resource base and tailoring their structures to the ever-changing politico-economic environment. The sustainability of VOs in their individual capacity is less probable in the absence of external assistance. In the face of elected local bodies, VOs will need reorientation to cope with the changed situation. The long-term postponement of democratic process for the sake of consensus and compromise at the VOs level is most likely to shrink these organizations. Most of the existing VOs are effective only for member centered micro schemes and the concept of local organizations to take broader communal issues is yet to be refined and synthesized. In particular, the issues of popular participation, professional competency and democratic transactions need special consideration for the future viability of community organizations.
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Rural, Development, Approaches, NWFP, Northern Areas, Pakistan, AKRSP, Pak-German IRDP, SRSC Gilgit, Mardan, Kohat|
|Subjects:||Business Administration & Management (d)|
|Deposited By:||Mr. Javed Memon|
|Deposited On:||28 Jul 2011 09:27|
|Last Modified:||28 Jul 2011 09:27|
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