Pakistan Research Repository

Type A Behavior, Achievement Motivations, and Role Conflict in Professional Women

Shaheen, Nighat (2004) Type A Behavior, Achievement Motivations, and Role Conflict in Professional Women. PhD thesis, University of Peshawar, Peshawar .



The present study investigated relationship between Type A behavior and work-family conflicts in professional women. The results show that Type A behavior is significantly correlated with interrole conflicts. The study also investigated achievement motivation and anxiety level experienced by Type A women that might be attributed to their work style. Furthermore, research also examined personality characteristics, quality of existing social support available to these women, and their perception of control over areas of work and family environment. The sample consisted of 170 professional women selected from two different professions, namely, teaching and medical. Convenience Sampling technique was used to select women according to the predetermined criteria. Personal Information Schedule was used to obtain the demographic information. The Anjum-Khalique Type A Scale was administered to classify women into Type A and Type B personality. Work-Family Conflict Scale was used to assess interrole conflicts. The results show that Type A women report significantly greater work-family conflicts as compared to Type B women. To measure the achievement orientation of both groups, Achievement-Oriented Attitude Scale was used. The results demonstrate that Type A women are significantly higher on need achievement as compared to Type B. The scores on two Anxiety scales (Self Analysis Fom & Leventhal Scale for Anxiety) reveal that Type A women are significantly more anxious than Type B. Selected scales of CPT reveal significant differences in terms of personality characteristics between two groups of women. Type A professional women appeared to be more dominant, responsible, socially mature, self-accepting, flexible, and achievement oriented than Type B. Social support available to these women was also assessed. It was assumed that work family conflicts could be reduced if adequate social support is available in family and work place. However, our results reveal that Type A women are less satisfied with social support available to them. Furthermore, scores on the Control Scale reveal that as compared to Type B, Type A women experience relatively less control over work and family environment that might be one of the important factor contributing toward their experiences of interrole conflicts. The results of the study support all the research hypotheses.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Type A women, Behavior, Achievement, Motivations, Role Conflict, Professional Women, family environment
Subjects:Social Sciences(g) > Psychology (g16)
ID Code:6769
Deposited By:Mr. Javed Memon
Deposited On:25 Jul 2011 09:10
Last Modified:25 Jul 2011 09:10

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