|Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and
abstract of thesis)|
Personality, Pattern, Mental,
Health, Rural, Urban, Backgrounds, tough-minded
The present research was designed to find out the differences In personality patterns and mental health of the students with rural and urban backgrounds. For this purpose a sample of 100 students, 50 males and 50 females, from Peshawar University was selected according to predetermined criteria set for urban versus rural differentiation. It was hypothesized that different cultural systems in urban and rural areas give rise to different socialization practices which in turn lead to different personality systems having varying implications for personality weaknesses, psychopathologies and deviant behaviors.
The Personal Data Sheet was used to collect the demographic data and other relevant information related to urban versus rural differentiation. Two personality tests, viz, Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF) and Omnibus Personality Inventory (OPI) were used to determine personality characterists of urban and rural students. Local norms were determined for both the tests. The results revealed statistically significant differences between urban and rural students on certain personality characteristics,. Males are emotionally more stable, tough-minded, self-assured, controlled, relaxed, introvert thinkers,
theoretically oriented, personally integrated, masculine and pretenders as compared to females. By and large urban students are more intelligent, assertive, happy-go-lucky and conscientious as compared to rural students. Urban males are more assertive, happy-go-lucky and
conscientious as compared to rural males, whereas urban females are more intelligent but emotionally less stable, moderately apprehensive and tense as compared to rural females. Urban males seem to be emotionally more stable, venturesome, tough-minded, self-assured, experimenting, controlled, introvert thinkers, theoretically oriented, personally integrated, relaxed, masculine and pretenders as compared to urban females. On the other hand, rural males are more intelligent, personally integrated and relaxed as compared to rural females.
On the whole rural students as compared to urban students seem to be more prone towards personality disorders, manifesting a higher tendency towards avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders.