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Title of Thesis

Development of an Indigenous Scale for Emotional Intelligence (SEI)


Saima Dawood

Institute/University/Department Details
Centre for Clinical Psychology / University of the Punjab , Lahore
Clinical Psychology
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Development, Indigenous, Scale, Emotional, Intelligence, SEI

If EQ is more important than IQ for success in one's life, then a valid indigenous scale for emotional intelligence in Urdu language has to be available, to be used with Pakistani population, hence, the present study explicitly focused on developing an indigenous Scale for Emotional Intelligence which could be used reliably and meaningfully for the assessment of El in Pakistan. Since, four provinces: Punjab; Sindh; North West Frontier Province and Balochistan constitute Pakistan, therefore, in addition to national Norms, separate Norms for each province were also developed. Additionally, scores of emotional intelligence were analyzed across gender to see if' any significant difference could be discerned. The development of Scale for Emotional Intelligence (SEI) was accomplished in two stages while following the model of Goleman(1998), which includes five domains: Self Awareness; Self Regulation; Motivation; Empathy and Social Skills with their sub-domains To generate an item pool for the Part-I of the Scale, qualified clinical psychologists from all over Pakistan (N=220) were requested through a mail survey, to formulate questions according to Coleman's model. The master pool of 925 opinions was elicited, only 321 items were finally commissioned by the research team. Later, a title of each sub-domain was also given by the research team. The content validity and construct validity of Part-I were established based on the ratings on a 1 to 5 Liken scale by 8 judges, who were senior qualified professional clinical psychologists with at least 15 years of experience. The items with a mean value of '3' were commissioned to be included in the final scale. A total of 38 items for Part-11 of SEI was again selected by the research team which represented different life situations. The homogeneity of the construct in Part-I and Part-II of SEI was found to be of an adequate level, as determined by Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients, thus indicating homogeneity of the construct of El in SEI. The reliability of SEI was determined by split half method, and the overall results of reliability revealed that SEI is a reliable measuring instrument for the assessment of El. For the development of National Norms, a sample of 2000 university students from four representative universities of Pakistan was taken through proportionate stratified random sampling which includes 797 men (40%) and 1203 women (60 %) with an age range of 18 to 35 years (M = 21.69; SD 1.94). From Punjab 1160 university students including 451 men (39%) and 709 women (61%) were taken. A sample of 460 university students including 161 men (35%) and 299 women (65%) from Sindh; 260 students including 143 men (55%) 117 women (44%) from NWFP; and 120 students with 42 men (35%) and 78 women (65%) from Balochistan were taken. The percentile ranks for each domain and sub-domains of Part-I and Part-II of SEI were developed across genders and across the flour provinces. The t-test analyses did not reveal any significant difference between gender on any domain of SEI, for both Part-I and Part-II.

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4 3 RESULTS 64
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