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GENETIC VARIABILITY AND YIELD COMPONENTS RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME EARLY MATURING SUGARCANE (Saccharum hybrid spp) GENOTYPES

Muhammad, Arif (2003) GENETIC VARIABILITY AND YIELD COMPONENTS RELATIONSHIPS IN SOME EARLY MATURING SUGARCANE (Saccharum hybrid spp) GENOTYPES. PhD thesis, NWFP Agriculture University, Peshawar.

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Abstract

Eight early maturing sugarcane (Saccharum hybrid spp.) genotypes were evaluated in a four-replicated RCB designed experiment for two years each in plant and ratoon crops during 1999/00 to 2001/02 at the farms of Sugar Crops Research Institute, Mardan. The genotypes were S.87-US.1873, S.86-US.795, S.86-US.642, S.86-US.432, Thatta-7, CP 72-2086 TCP 81-10 including Mardan-93. Sixteen characters, germination %, tillers/70m2, leaf area, plant height, stalk length, stalk diameter, internodes/stalk, stalk weight, stalks/70m2, stalk yield, Brix %, Pol %, purity %, fibre %, CCS % and sugar yield/70m2 were studied in plant crop. Elcvcn characters, tillers/70 m2, stalk length, stalk diameter, stalk weight, stalks/70 m2, canc yicld/70 m2, Brix %, Pol %, fibre %, CCS % and sugar yield/70m2 were studicd in ratoon crop. Components of variability were evaluated for genotypic, phenotypic and environmental coefficients of variation, broad sense heritability, expected genetic advances maintaining selection intensity of one genotype selection out of seven; and interrelationships of the characters through path analysis. Genotypes were significantly different in stalk diameter, internodes/stalk, single stalk weight, fibre content in plant and tillers, stalk lcngth, stalk diameter and fibrc content in ratoon (P < 0.01) crops while leaf area, stalk length and cane yield at P < 0.05 in plant crop. G x Y interaction was existed for Brix%, Pol% and CCS% in plant (P < 0.01) and fibre content in ratoon (P < 0.05). Genotypic coefficients of variation were ranged from -0.925% of Pol% to 17.477% of plant height in plant and -2.345% of sugar yield to 27.571 % of tillers per 70m2 in ratoon crop. The degrees of genetic determination were ranged from -58.40% to 95.20% in plant and - 47.90% to 99.90% in ratoon crop. The genetic advances were ranged from -0.269% of CCS% to 23.276% of plant height in plant and -1.567% of CCS% to 37.616% of tillers/70m2 in ratoon crop at one genotype out of seven selection intensity. Low genetic advances of quality parameters both in plant and ratoon crops suggested that concentration should be made on cane yield component parameters maintaining quality parameters at a certain commercial acceptable levels during selection. Path analysis gave 38 positive and 42 negative correlations out of total 120 pairs of correlation while 17 positive and 19 negative correlations out of 55 in ratoon crop. Stalk weight, internodes/stalk and fibre % showed direct positive effect on sugar yield in plant crop and stalk weight, stalk yield, Brix reading, Pol reading and CCS% in ratoon crop. Stalk length; stalk diameter, stalks yield, Brix %, Pol % and CCS% exerted indirect positive effects on sugar yield in plant crop. Genotypes, TCP 81-10, S.86-US.432, S.87:US.1873 and S.86-US642 were significantly (P < 0.01) superior than Mardan-93 in cane yields.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sugarcane (Saccharum hybrid spp), S.87-U.S.1873, S.86-US.795, S.86-US.642, S.86-US.432, THATTA-7, CP 72-2086 TCP 81-10, MARDAN-93, Germination, Tillers, Leaf area, Plant height, Stalk length, Stalk diameter, Internodes/stalk, Stalk weight, Stalk yield, Brix %, Pol %, Fibre %, Suger yield, Ratoon crop.
Subjects:Agriculture & Veterinary Sciences(a) > Agriculture(a1) > Plant culture(a1.4)
ID Code:666
Deposited By:Mr. Muhammad Asif
Deposited On:22 Sep 2006
Last Modified:04 Oct 2007 21:02

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