Muhammad, Fateh (1998) SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ILLITERATE WOMEN WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BHANGORIA VILLAGE KARACHI-PAKISTAN. PhD thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.
Human resources constitute the ultimate basis for the optimum development of a country. A country which is unable to develop the skill and knowledge of its people and to make their best use is likely to lag behind. Human resources can be developed in many way, on of the most important being education. Today, education literacy among women has come to mean a more efficient fulfillment of the changing role an status, better quality of life, freedom form ignorance, injustice in security disease, poverty and malnutrition, a healthier physical and intellectual development of the children and cumulatively a better further for the nation. In deed the healthy and balance growth of the nation depends on he proper socio-economic development of a nation second class citizen, illiterate powerless and deprived of the just and equitable status in the society. Pakistani illiterate women have a low socio-economic status compared to literate Pakistani women. Their socio-economic and demographic characteristics have proved their subservient statues in the patriarchal society of Pakistan. Ever since the establishment of Pakistan as sovereign independent state in 1947 the restrictions on womenÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂs emancipation is a weak link in the chain of national development. This has resulted in frustration of Pakistani women, especially the illiterate ones. An important factor in the analysis of situation is dis-satisfaction among these women. In spite of being active participants in socio-economic activities they feel discouraged by being denied a status according t their role. This research revels different cues as to how the situation should be approached for possible solutions of this problem. In addition to the introduction the main discussion has been organized in four chapters. Of these the second has been devoted to a theoretical framework and review of related studies . In chapter III research methodology is present. A structured interview was employed of the collection of data,296 illiterate women were interviewed , simple random sampling procedures were use for selection of the subjects. The respondents were illiterate women, who were in age group 21-60 years. 81 univariate and 14 bivariate tables were found for he systemic presentation of data. For the data the research used certain procedures like frequency and percentage distribution, chi-square of independent test(X2 ) and contingency co-efficient test on the basis of these tests generalization were made and 14 hypotheses were tested. Chapter IV describes the results and discusses them one by one, the conclusion draw on the basis of these results follow in chapter V. the data accumulated through the interview schedule formed the basis of the conclusions drawn in this chapter and discussed as their possible implications about the topic under investigation.
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||illiterate women, bhangoria village, female illiteracy, demographic characteristics, socio-economic characteristics, status of women|
|Subjects:||Social Sciences(g) > Sociology (g19)|
|Deposited By:||Mr. Muhammad Asif|
|Deposited On:||14 Sep 2006|
|Last Modified:||04 Oct 2007 21:02|
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