|Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
islamic rationalism, waliullah, sayyid ahmad khan, muhammad iqbal, prophethood, quran, ijtehad, sufi metaphysics
The thesis is divided into four parts in addition to a prologue and an epilogue. In the first part “The Rationalistic Perspective’, the history of the development of the idea of rationalism has been traced, as briefly and as precisely as possible. Starting with the definition of rationalism we have proceeded to give a short account of Greek, Medieval Muslim, Modern European and Indo Muslim rationalism in two chapters.
The second part entitled, ‘The Organic Rationalism of Waliullah’, deals with Waliullah’s system in three chapters. The first chapter, ‘The Concept of Being’, takes into account Waliullah’s philosophical attitudes. In the next two chapters the manner or Waliullah’s application of spheres is examined.
Sayyid Ahmad Khan’s ‘Common Sense Rationalism’, is the subject of the third part of our thesis. It consists of three chapters, dealing with Sayyid Ahmad Khan’s main principles in ‘The Philosophical Framework and the applied side of these theories is assessed in the other two chapters, ‘Religion: A Half House of Rationalism’, and ‘Social and Moral Concepts’.
In our approach to ‘Muhammad Iqbal’s Dynamic Rationalism’, we have divided the contents of our evaluation into four chapters. These four chapters are, ‘The Philosophical Perspective’, ‘Knowledge and Reality’, ‘A New Rationale of Religion’, and ‘Man and Society’, The first of these chapters traces the development of Iqbal’s ideas in the light of his education, circumstances. His first philosophical work ‘The Development of Metaphysics in Persia’, and his mature thought in ‘The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam’. The second chapter is about his philosophical ideas, while the lst two chapters consider his views about religious and socio-cultural issues.
The ‘Epilogue’ comprises the conclusions drawn from the assessement and evaluationof the rationalistic thought of Waliullah,Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Iqbal.