I= THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC RATIONALISM IN THESUBCONTINENT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO WALIULLAH, SAYYID AHMAD KHAN AND MUHAMMAD IQBAL
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Title of Thesis
THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC RATIONALISM IN THESUBCONTINENT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO WALIULLAH, SAYYID AHMAD KHAN AND MUHAMMAD IQBAL

Author(s)
Saeeda Khatoon
Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi/Department of Philosophy
Session
1980
Subject
Philosophy
Number of Pages
366
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
islamic rationalism, waliullah, sayyid ahmad khan, muhammad iqbal, prophethood, quran, ijtehad, sufi metaphysics

Abstract
The thesis is divided into four parts in addition to a prologue and an epilogue. In the first part “The Rationalistic Perspective’, the history of the development of the idea of rationalism has been traced, as briefly and as precisely as possible. Starting with the definition of rationalism we have proceeded to give a short account of Greek, Medieval Muslim, Modern European and Indo Muslim rationalism in two chapters.

The second part entitled, ‘The Organic Rationalism of Waliullah’, deals with Waliullah’s system in three chapters. The first chapter, ‘The Concept of Being’, takes into account Waliullah’s philosophical attitudes. In the next two chapters the manner or Waliullah’s application of spheres is examined.

Sayyid Ahmad Khan’s ‘Common Sense Rationalism’, is the subject of the third part of our thesis. It consists of three chapters, dealing with Sayyid Ahmad Khan’s main principles in ‘The Philosophical Framework and the applied side of these theories is assessed in the other two chapters, ‘Religion: A Half House of Rationalism’, and ‘Social and Moral Concepts’.

In our approach to ‘Muhammad Iqbal’s Dynamic Rationalism’, we have divided the contents of our evaluation into four chapters. These four chapters are, ‘The Philosophical Perspective’, ‘Knowledge and Reality’, ‘A New Rationale of Religion’, and ‘Man and Society’, The first of these chapters traces the development of Iqbal’s ideas in the light of his education, circumstances. His first philosophical work ‘The Development of Metaphysics in Persia’, and his mature thought in ‘The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam’. The second chapter is about his philosophical ideas, while the lst two chapters consider his views about religious and socio-cultural issues.

The ‘Epilogue’ comprises the conclusions drawn from the assessement and evaluationof the rationalistic thought of Waliullah,Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Iqbal.

Download Full Thesis
3332.82 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
101.82 KB
2 1 The Western Traditions of Rationalism 5
385.7 KB
  1.1 The Background 5
  1.2 The Greek Perspective 10
  1.3 The Modern Perspective 22
3 2 The Islamic Tradition of Rationalism 41
240.45 KB
  2.1 The Classical Perspective 41
  2.2 The Indo Muslim Perspective 59
4 3 The Concept of Being 66
216.14 KB
  3.1 Philosophical Background 66
  3.2 Theory of being 73
  3.3 Theory of Becoming 78
5 4 Prophethood and the Nature of Religious Language 87
247.71 KB
  4.1 Prophethood 87
  4.2 The Science of the Quran 94
  4.3 Miracles: Organic Naturalism 100
  4.4 Eschatology 105
6 5 Man and Society 111
265.54 KB
  5.1 Man Mind and Body 111
  5.2 The Phenoenology of Morallity 114
  5.3 The Phenomenology of Societies 122
  5.4 Ijtehad 132
7 6 The Philosophical Framework 138
215.5 KB
  6.1 The Problem 138
  6.2 Reason and Rationalism 141
  6.3 Nature and Naturalism 146
  6.4 Objectivity of values 152
  6.5 Denial of Platonic Idealism ad Philosophical and Sufi Metaphysics of Emanation 153
  6.6 Inductive Reasoning 155
8 7 Religion and Theology, A Half House of Naturalism 159
238.12 KB
  7.1 Religion 159
  7.2 GOD or the Creator 162
  7.3 Prophethood and Prophecy 164
  7.4 The supernatural (Miracles ad eschatology) 169
  7.5 The Nature of Religious Language 173
9 8 Social and Moral Concepts 183
304.14 KB
  8.1 Man’s Problems and Qualities 183
  8.2 Ethics and Morals 190
  8.3 Virtues and Vices 197
  8.4 Culture and Civilization 200
  8.5 Education 210
10 9 Philosophical Perspective 215
308.68 KB
  9.1 Background 215
  9.2 Formation of Ideas 220
  9.3 Islamic Thought Through Persian Mind 226
  9.4 The Sufi Alternative 232
  9.5 Reconstruction of Thought 240
11 10 Knowledge and Reality 244
239.4 KB
  10.1 Analysis of Experience 244
  10.2 Intutive Experience 248
  10.3 The Nature of Reality 25
12 11 A New Rationale of Religion 267
176.38 KB
  11.1 Religion 267
  11.2 Conception of God 273
  11.3 Free Will 278
13 12 Man and Society 284
823.99 KB
  12.1 Self or EGO, The basis of Society 284
  12.2 The Perfect man 296
  12.3 The Phenomenology of Social Change 302
  12.4 Society and Its Perfection 307
  12.5 Law and Society 311
  12.6 Epilogue 317
  12.7 References 326
  12.8 Bibliography 358