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Title of Thesis

Child Labour in Human Rights Perspective: Case Study of Child Scavengers of Urban Areas of Lahore

Author(s)

Khalid Manzoor Butt

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Political Science / GC University, Lahore
Session
2010
Subject
Political Science
Number of Pages
374
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Child, Labour, Human, Rights, Perspective, Study, Child, Scavengers, Urban, Areas, Lahore, Scavenging, social, economic

Abstract
In child labour, the children involved in it have social, economic and educational disadvantages. ‘Scavenging through children’ is that kind of child labour which is undertaken in filthy and deplorable conditions. In this practice, parents or guardians use their children for economic gains. These children are innocent, vulnerable, and dependent on their elders. They are without any voice or any association for their basic rights. They are generally underfed, underpaid, overworked and exposed to hazardous environment and extreme weather conditions which are constant threats to their life, health and growth. They are also victims of social dislike and hate and are suspected by the people. Consequently they become an excluded community with frustrations and inferiority complex. They do not have opportunities of schooling, playing and recreational activities which are imperative for their proper growth and up-bringing, therefore, they are likely to have a bleak future. As a matter of fact, a sizeable population of children is involved in this profession, particularly in cities. In the profession of scavenging through children, various violations of their rights take place. None of the government departments has taken seriously to redress this practice.
A conceptual framework of the Rights of Children is designed from the United Nations’ Charter, Declaration of Human Rights, Covenants of Human Rights and Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) to assess the violations of rights of the child scavengers. Although Pakistan is a signatory of the CRC and the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention 182, yet a big number of children are being mistreated, exploited and abused particularly in scavenging profession.
An empirical study is undertaken to have an insight of the phenomenon of scavenging through children. For that matter, a sample of 200 child scavengers are selected. They are interviewed to document the various aspects of this practice like causes, conditions, exploitations, treatments, professional health, miseries, etc. However, descriptive research method is used for the problem under study i.e., child scavengers of urban areas of Lahore.
The thesis is divided into seven chapters. Chapter 1 consists of Introduction of the topic under study, Statement of the Problem, Source, and Research Design. Moreover it delineates Demography of Lahore the target area for the research. Chapter 2 presents Conceptual Framework, Literature Review of the relevant material for the study and Derivation of Hypothesis. Chapter 3 covers concepts, definitions historical background and various aspects of child labour. Chapter 4 discusses concepts and evolution of Human Rights and its different theories. It also contains international movements, conventions and laws regarding children’s rights. Chapter 5 consists of the findings of survey of the Case under study i.e., child scavengers. Chapter 6 delineates Community Profile of scavengers and a Situation Assessment of the child scavengers of Lahore. However, Chapter 7 consists of Conclusion some policy implications. In this chapter, a Model is also suggested to tackle the problem of scavenging through children in Lahore. It also presents suggestions and remedies to transform child scavengers into useful and productive individuals.

Download Full Thesis
3,456 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

viii
12 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction
1.2 Scavenging Through Children in Lahore
1.3 Demography of Lahore

1
407 KB
3 2 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK, LITERATURE REVIEW AND DERIVATION OF HYPOTHESIS

2.1 Conceptual Framework
2.2 Literature Review
2.3 Derivation of hypothesis

32
121 KB
4 3 CHILD LABOUR

3.1 Labouring-Child and Working-Child
3.2 Definitions of Child Labour
3.3 Child Labour in Historical Perspective
3.4 Causes of Child Labour
3.5 Kinds of Child Labour
3.6 Magnitude of Child Labour
3.7 Effects of Child Labour

67
156 KB
5 4 FROM HUMAN RIGHTS TO CHILDREN’S RIGHTS

4.1 Evolution of the Concept of Human Rights
4.2 Theories of Human Rights
4.3 Children’s Rights in Child Labour Perspective

111
243 KB
6

5

FINDINGS OF THE SURVEY

5.1 Percentage Basis Data Analysis of the Findings
5.2 Statistical Tests
5.3 Photographs: Children Undertaking Scavenging

162
2,105 KB
7

6

COMMUNITY PROFILE AND SITUATION ASSESSMENT

6.1 Community Profile of Scavengers
6.2 Situation Assessment: Violations of Human Rights of Child Scavengers

219
73 KB
8

7

CONCLUSION AND POLICY IMPLICATION

7.1 Conclusion and Policy Implication
7.2 Model to Tackle Scavenging Through Children
Appendices
References
Bibliography

241
320 KB