SYLLABIFICATION AND STRESS PATTERNS IN HINDKO

HAROON-UR-RASHID, . (2015) SYLLABIFICATION AND STRESS PATTERNS IN HINDKO. Doctoral thesis, UNIVERSITY OF AZAD JAMMU AND KASHMIR, MUZAFFARABAD.

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Abstract

The prime focus of this study is the description of syllabification and stress patterns in Hindko language with reference to Hazara Hindko, one of its dialects. It is an understudied dialect which has not been explored much on systematic grounds by linguists in past. The study is done to achieve four objectives. The first is to provide a comprehensive acoustic description of Hazara Hindko segments as systemic phonemic inventories (consonants and vowels) are not available. In addition, an accurate description syllabification and stress patterns is impossible without a systematic description at segmental level. The second is to describe in detail the syllable structure and syllabification pattern. The third is to describe the lexical stress pattern in monomorphemic words. And the fourth one is to account for the findings emerging out of syllabification and stress patterns in the theoretical framework of Optimality Theory. The first objective is achieved by presenting the phonemic analysis where needed and providing a comprehensive acoustic description of consonants and vowels which is based on experimental study that involves 10 Hindko native speakers. The study identifies and establishes 30 consonants, 9 oral vowels, 6 nasal vowels and 10 diphthongs that are distinguished acoustically. The second objective is achieved by offering an in depth description of Hazara Hindko syllable structure and syllabification pattern. This divulges that Hazara Hindko has an obligatory vowel followed by an optional vowel V (V), preceded and followed by optional consonants (C) (C) V (V) (C) (C). This discloses that Hazara Hindko tolerates onset and coda clusters. These clusters obey sonority sequencing principle. There are four likely word structures in Hazara Hindko which are monosyllabic, disyllabic, tri-syllabic and tetra-syllabic. Monosyllabic words can observe only heavy (VV or VC) or super heavy (VVC) rhyme. The study further demonstrates that Hazara Hindko makes use of three types of syllable weight namely: light, heavy and super heavy. Light syllables are not observed word finally. The description of lexical stress in monomorphemic words illustrates that Hindko is a quantity-sensitive unbounded rhythmic right headed language. Stress is taken by the super heavy syllable irrespective of its occurrence in words, otherwise penultimate syllable is assigned stress. In case of a tie in terms of syllable weight, extrametricality comes to play. The last objective is achieved by providing an Optimality theoretic account of syllabification and stress patterns in Hazara Hindko. This specifies that Hazara Hindko violates markedness constraints and to observe the well-formedness of the syllable structure, it ranks higher the faithfulness constraints. In connection with lexical stress, the analysis suggests that PK-PROM constraint dominates the hierarchy of the relevant constraints when the final and the antepenult being super heavy take the stress: PK-PROM ?? ALL-Ft-RIGHT ?? RHTYPE-T, NONFINALITY ?? PARSE- ?. ALL-Ft-RIGHT dominates the other related constraints when penult is stressed: ALL-Ft-RIGHT ?? RHTYPE-T, NONFINALITY ?? PARSE- ?. This work adds to investigation on Hindko by recording the syllabification and stress patterns systematically. Hopefully, this work will serve as a basis for future linguists who will be interested in working further on Hindko Phonology.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: SYLLABIFICATION,STRESS,PATTERNS,HINDKO
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
Depositing User: Ms Maryam Saeed
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2017 06:57
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2017 06:57
URI: http://eprints.hec.gov.pk/id/eprint/6457

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