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Title of Thesis

Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi, Pakistan / Department of Institute of Psychology
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
draw-a-person (dap) test, socio-economic status (ses), emotional indicators (i.e.), i.q. test

The present study was conducted to standardize the Draw-A-Person (DAP) Test in Pakistan, for which its reliability, validity and norms were established.

The DAP Test was administered in groups to 1616 students of both sexes between the ages of 5 years and 12 years 11months, in three types of schools belonging to socio-economic status (SES) I,SES II and SES III in the city of Karachi, Pakistan.

The Koppitz method was used for administration and coring of I.Q. and E.I. The author herself administered and scored the test.

The DAP test was found highly reliable according to Inter Scorer and Test Retest reliability measures.

The DAP test was found highly valid as an I.Q. test, when the results of it were correlated with scholastic examination as an external criterion.

It was found that the DAP test is useful in identifying the mentally retarded in Pakistan.

The DAP was also found highly valid as a measure of emotional indicators (E.I) when correlated with the rating of the teachers on the Koppitz questionnaire for the measurement of emotional problems.

According to this study it was found that the norms for I.Q. was 4 in Pakistan. It may be noted that the norm for the advanced countries is 4.5 for I.Q. This shows that the Pakistani norm is .5 less than the norm of the advanced countries.

The study also indicated that the cut off point is 3 for E.Is. in Pakistan instead of a cut off point of 2 E.Is. in the advanced countries. In the end the results also showed a cluster of frequent and rare E.Is. for the Pakistani culture.

The statistics used for the analysis of the data were difference of means, t test, Product Moment Correlation, chi square.

Download Full Thesis
2093.29 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
56.43 KB
2 1 Introduction 1-29
315.68 KB
3 2 Literature Review 30-69
433.23 KB
4 3 Problem 70-71
22.45 KB
5 4 Hypotheses 72-73
17.53 KB
6 5 Methodology 74-79
57.81 KB
7 6 Results 80-84
406.06 KB
  6.1 Tables & Graphs 85-134
8 7 Discussion 135-167
842.03 KB
  7.1 Dap Figures 168-268
9 8 References & Appendices
270.9 KB
  8.1 References 254-268
  8.2 Appendices 269-278