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Title of Thesis

International Trade Challenges And Opportunities For Pakistan Cotton-textile And Apparel Sector

Author(s)

Raana Ahsan

Institute/University/Department Details
Faculty Of Advanced Integrated Studies And Research (MS/HRD) / National University Of Modern Languages, Islamabad
Session
2009
Subject
Management Sciences
Number of Pages
256
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Authentic, Manufacturing, Balasa, Lafay, Diversification, Cotton, Handouts, Estimated, Interests, Domestic, Competitive, Trade, Economy,

Abstract
The purpose of this research was to provide a comprehensive analysis of international trade in order to evaluate and determine the challenges it poses, and opportunities, it offers to Pakistan’s Cotton, Textile and Apparel Sector. The research is based on secondary data sources. World Bank, WTO, UNCTAD, and a lot of other valuable and authentic reports from the authors of repute have been consulted to understand the increasingly complex international trade relations in a globalizing world. Volumes of government reports, position papers, handouts and books have been searched to appreciate the dynamics of Pakistan Cotton, Textile and Apparel Sector.
The research thesis endeavors to capture where the challenge is. What is at stake? Who are the players? What are the opportunities in the international market place? How these challenges can be translated in to opportunities? Brief account of recent trade development and the relationship between global and domestic trading arrangements have been discussed. Role of politics in shaping decisions and managing power both at domestic and global level, significance of international commitments, and influence of historical, cultural back grounds, shared ideas and beliefs, and individual mind set in competing interests in the domestic economy have also been dilated upon.
Analytical findings reveal that Pakistan has comparative edge on the basis of comparative advantage, reveal comparative advantage, relative trade advantage, and trade complementarities. The estimated value of revealed comparative advantage of cotton in Pakistan is 18 which is very high than unity which implies that Pakistan has great opportunities in the export of cotton and cotton manufacturing. Moreover, the estimated values of balasa and Lafay index for all cotton and cotton products are very high which reveal that Pakistan has trade competitiveness in the cotton and cotton manufacturing. The estimated value of relative trade index for primary products, cotton seed, cake of cotton seed and cotton linter, are positive which imply that these products are highly competitive, while oil of cotton seed and cake of cotton seed are uncompetitive. Furthermore, the value of trade complementarities variable for USA, EU, Japan and Canada (trading countries) are greater than unity except SAARC countries. This means that trading with SAARC countries in cotton and cotton products is less profitable as compared to other countries where cotton trading is highly profitable. Still domestic resource cost analysis (DRC) proves that Pakistan has greater opportunities in cotton production. The values of reveal comparative advantage and relative trade advantage further suggest that Pakistan has greater opportunities and prospects for exporting cotton and cotton manufacturing. Similarly trade complementarities show and suggest that Pakistan should focus on Middle East market with highest trade complementarities, followed by Canada, USA, EU, SAARC countries and then Japan. Bt transgenic cotton is widely grown in the cotton growing areas of Sindh and Punjab
Bt cotton can play a significant role to enhance agricultural productivity as the productivity of cotton in Pakistan is 0.5 ton/ha as compared productivity of Bt cotton in China is 9 ton/ha which implies a huge cotton productivity gap. This gap can be narrowed down by the adoption of Bt cotton in Pakistan which will have major impact on food security efforts in the country. Urgent efforts are required to focus on cost efficiency, higher productivity with quality of cotton, export diversification of cotton products, export oriented policy and market perspective to become more competitive in the global cotton market. There is also a need to strengthen the cotton - textile value chain with back ward and forward linkages. Unique products have to be developed, and a shift from comparative advantage to competitive advantage is the way forward..

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2,031 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

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2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of Study

1.2 Economy of Pakistan
1.3 International Trade
1.4 Aid, Debt, Trade
1.5 Trade Not Aid
1.6 Rationale of the Study
1.7 Limitations

1
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3 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Origin of Trade

2.2 Evolution of Trade and Trade Theories
2.3 Trade and Development
2.4 Globalization: A World without Borders
2.5 Regional Trading Arrangement
2.6 The Trade Policy Instruments
2.7 Some other Important Concepts

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4 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Methodology and Research Design
3.3 Research Objectives
3.4 Statement of Hypothesis
3.5 Flow simulations in parallel spacers
3.6 Comparison of unit-cell and four-cells approach
3.7 Flow instabilities and unsteady shear stress patterns in diamond spacers using unit-cell approach
3.8 Simulations using turbulence models
3.9 Comparison of spacer-filled flat and curved channel

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5 4 INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY

4.1 International Political Economy

4.2 Role of National Governments in International Political Economy
4.3 Political Economy of International Trade
4.4 International Financial System
4.5 World Trade Organization (WTO)
4.6 New Economic World Order
4.7 Globalization
4.8 Politics of Trade, Power and Money
4.9 Political Economy of information

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6 5 PAKISTAN COTTON-TEXTILE AND APPAREL SECTOR

5.1 International Trade of Cotton-Textile and Apparels
5.2 Pakistan Trade of Textile and Clothing
5.3 Global Cotton Market
5.4 Analyzing Opportunities for Pakistan Cotton-Textile and Apparel Sector
5.5 Pakistan Cotton-Textile and Apparel Sector- The Value Chain
5.6 Cotton Vision 2015
5.7 Significance of Agriculture Sector for Pakistan
5.8 Opinion around the World
5.9 Challenges in the Pakistan Cotton Yarn, Textile & Apparel Sectors
5.10 Concessions
5.11 Politics of Concessions and Rebates
5.12 Opportunities and Future

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7 6 TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL REGIME OF PAKISTAN

6.1. Institutional Framework for Trade
6.2 International Trading System and Pakistan
6.3 WTO and Pakistan
6.4 Industrial Sector of Pakistan
6.5 Small and Medium Enterprises
6.6 Investment Policy
6.7 Industrial Policy
6.8 Textile Policy
6.9 Private Sector Stake holders
6.10 International Trade and Developing Countries
6.11 Economic Structure and Economy of Income
6.12 Aim of Trade
6.13 Trade has worked for Pakistan

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8 7 DEVELOPMENT OF BT COTTON IN PAKISTAN

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Background of Bt Cotton in the World
7.3 Is there a Need to Grow Bt Cotton in Pakistan?
7.4 Development of Bt Cotton in Pakistan
7.5 Global Adoption of Bt Cotton
7.6 Adoption of Bt Cotton in Pakistan
7.7 Impact of Bt Cotton in the World
7.8 Performance of Bt Cotton in Pakistan
7.9 Conclusions and Suggestions

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9 8 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

8.1 Recommendations

8.1 Future Research
 

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10 9 APPENDICES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

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