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Title of Thesis

Seismic Risk Assessment of Unreinforced Brick Masonry Buildings System of Northern Pakistan

Author(s)

Mohammad Javed

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Civil Engineering / N-W.F.P. University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar
Session
2009
Subject
Civil Engineering
Number of Pages
230
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Unreinforced, Quasi, Static, Ductility, Fragility, Seismic, Higher, Viscous, Masonry, Buildings, Assessment, Shaking, Brick

Abstract
This research work was aimed at assessing the seismic risk of unreinforced brick masonry buildings system of Northern Pakistan, constructed in stone dust mortar. To accomplish this, four series of unreinforced brick masonry piers constructed in stone dust mortar were tested in the in-plane direction using quasi-static method of testing. Each pier series comprised of three piers with identical properties and thus a total of twelve piers were tested. Aspect ratio and pre-compression were kept as the main variables. Various properties such as displacement ductility factors, ultimate drift ratios, coefficient of equivalent viscous damping, stiffness degradation and modulus of rigidity were determined using the experimental data from quasi-static cyclic tests on the piers. The effect of pre-compression on the coefficient of equivalent viscous damping and stiffness degradation were studied. Similarly, the effect of drift ratio on the coefficient of equivalent viscous damping was also studied. Various performance levels for unreinforced brick masonry piers, in relation to drift ratios, were also recommended.
Based on the results of experimental work, a methodology was proposed for lateral strength assessment of unreinforced brick masonry buildings. The developed methodology produced satisfactory results when compared with the results of full-scale unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings tested at University of Pavia, Italy [MKC 95] and Georgia Institute of Technology, USA [Yi 04]. Although the proposed methodology was used for brick masonry buildings, it can be applied to other types of masonry (such as stone and concrete block masonry constructed in cement: sand mortar, lime mortar, etc.) if the properties required to quantify the seismic performance (e.g., displacement ductility factors and ultimate drift ratios of masonry piers, etc.) are experimentally known. Various performance levels for unreinforced brick masonry buildings were also recommended in relation to drift ratios.
Finally, seismic capacities of thirty-one buildings were evaluated. The buildings’ stock consisted of seventeen single-story and fourteen double-story buildings. The buildings were selected keeping in view their common typological use in urban areas of Northern Pakistan. Fragility curves, showing the probabilities of reaching or exceeding various performance levels at various levels of ground shaking, were drawn for various performance limit states. It was found by studying the  fragility curves that the probability of occurrence for various performance levels of single- and double- story buildings do not differ significantly. It was also concluded that unreinforced brick masonry, if properly constructed, can be safely used in localities placed in seismic zone 2b [BCP 07] and below.

Download Full Thesis
6,977 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

xvii
174 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Problem Background And Definition
1.2 Objectives
1.3 Outline Of The Dissertation

1
146 KB
3 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THEORETICAL BACKGROUND

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Response Of Masonry Buildings Subjected To Seismic Excitations

2.3 Structural Damage In Masonry Buildings
2.4 IN-plane Damage
2.5 Out-of-plane And Local Damage Mechanisms
2.6 Damage To Masonry Non-structural Elements
2.7 Simplified Formulations For Predicting In-plane Failure Modes In Urm Walls
2.8 Laboratory Testing Techniques Related To Earthquake Engineering
2.9 Basis For Adopted Experimental Approach
2.10 Seismic Vulnerability Assessment Of Buildings
2.11 Selection Of Method For Assessing Vulnerability Of Urm Buildings Of Northern Pakistan

4
1,510 KB
4 3 PERFORMANCE OF UNREINFORCED BRICK MASONRY (URBM) PIERS UNDER IN-PLANE QUASI-STATIC LATERAL CYCLIC LOADINGS

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Selection Of Material Used In Experimental Work
3.3 Material Tests
3.4 In-plane Qusai-static Cyclic Tests On Unreinforced Brick Masonry Piers
3.5 Cracking Pattern And Failure Modes In The Tested Piers
3.6 Lateral Load- Displacement Diagrams
3.7 Diagonal Tensile Shear Strength Of Piers
3.8 Evaluation Of Displacement Based Properties From Quasi-static Cyclic Tests
3.9 Drift Ratios Corresponding To Various Performance Levels For Tested Piers
3.10 Results, Conclusions And Recommendations

39
4,175 KB
5 4 METHODOLOGY FOR EVALUATING LATERAL STRENGTH OF URM BUILDING SYSTEMS

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Terminology
4.3 Construction Of Capacity Curves
4.4 Various Performance Levels Proposed For Unreinforced Brick Masonrybuildings
4.5 Evaluation Of Ground Acceleration Corresponding To Various Performance Levels
4.7 Evaluation Of The Ground Acceleration Corresponding To The Various Performance Levels In A Building
4.8 Resonse Of An Urm Building In The Out-of-plane Direction
4.9 Comparison Of The Proposed Method With The Experimental Results Of Full-scale Tested Model Buildings
4.10 Step By Step Procedure For Assessment Of Seismic Capacity For Urm Building
4.11 Conclusions And Recommendations

117
773 KB
6 5 SEISMIC RISK ASSESSMENT OF THE URBM BUILDING SYSTEMS OF NORTHERN PAKISTAN

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Establishing The Magnitudes Of The Material Properties Of The Masonry Used In Peshawar
5.3 Structural Modeling
5.4 Design Response Spectrum
5.5 Seismic Capacity Evaluation Of Example Building
5.6 Seismic Risk Assessment Of Representative Buildings

5.7 Conclusions

158
508 KB
7 6 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

6.1 Summary
6.2 Conclusions And Recommendations
6.3 Recommended Future Work

190
209 KB
8 7 BIBLIOGRAPHY

185


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