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Title of Thesis

Basharat Tayyab
Institute/University/Department Details
Thesis submitted to the University of Karachi of the Degree of PH.D in philosophy.
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
marxism, existentialism, marx, human, labor, heidegger, sartre, neo-marxists, fromm, hegel

Set in the philosophical perspectives of Marxism and existentialism,, with Hegel’s philosophy in the background, a contemporary picture of man is aimed at.

The thesis begins with the social philosophy of karl Marx concept of man as “species-being is worked out. It is emphasized that man as a species-being has no essence . The them is basically derived form the dialectical thought of Hegel.

Tracing the same them among the existential philosophies is the next stage in the development of the thesis.

Taking Heidegger representing the most profound existential philosophy, the ontological structure of man is now developed. Man is now found to be being-in-the-world. A being cast in the world characterized by facticity fallen-ness and project. The ultimate project being death. Man is shown to be a Temporal being possessing the choice to live authentically or in-authentically. In this choice is rooted man’s freedom.

Carrying further the theme of freedom, in man, Sartre defines man as “condemned to freedom.” In agreement with Heidegger’s basic philosophy that man is an existing being having no essence and a being who is the author of all value and meaning. Sartre tries to assimilate the thought of Karl Marx into his own existential categories. Hence, the next step in the development of the thesis is to delineate the characteristics and the mode of the existence of the being of man as a being-in-the-world, having no essence but possessing freedom as its ontological structure. In this regard it is pointed out that man being the origin of dialectic in the world, is the maker of history which is the result of the dialectics between man, and man and nature.

Finally the further chapter concentrates on the socio-political (Marcuse) and psychological (Formm) aspects of the concept of man emerging form the marriage between the two philosophies. It is lastly concluded that though is a free being finds his existence in a perverted form but he possesses the ability to overcome this disability by overcoming the conditions of this disability through his praxis.

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2090.03 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
142.74 KB
2 1 CHAPTER 1 11
506.71 KB
  1.1 Marx: The essence of man As ‘Species Being 11
  1.2 Marx: In the Hegelian perspective 11
  1.3 Humanizing nature 15
  1.4 Human essence as species-Being 18
  1.5 Labor: Existential activity of man 28
  1.6 Alienation of labor 33
  1.7 Abolition of labor 48
3 2 CHAPTER 2 64
212.63 KB
  2.1 Heidegger: The ontological structure of human existence 64
  2.2 Befindlichleit 69
  2.3 Understanding 69
  2.4 Discourse/ Language 70
  2.5 Fallen-ness / verfallen 71
  2.6 Care as the unitary structure of dasein 73
  2.7 Finitude and freedom 83
4 3 CHAPTER 3 89
448.92 KB
  3.1 Sartre: Man as condemned to freedom 89
  3.2 Ontology of freedom 94
  3.3 Sartre’s concept of nothingness 98
  3.4 The concept of freedom 100
  3.5 Encounter with other 106
  3.6 Dialectical nature of man 116
5 4 CHAPTER 4 133
510.6 KB
  4.1 The Neo-Marxists 133
  4.2 Part one:
  4.3 Man in his socio-political perspective 133
  4.4 Interpretation of Hegel & Marx 135
  4.5 Critique of the soviet & western society 114
  4.6 One dimensional man 150
  4.7 Part two:
  4.8 Fromm: man in his psychological perspective 161
  4.9 The human situation 164
  4.10 Summary 188
6 5 Conclusion 190
486.95 KB
7 6 Bibliography 241
68.25 KB