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Title of Thesis

Muhammad Kamal
Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi, Pakistan
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
hegel, dialectic logic, abstraction, human freedom, doctrine of essence, aristotelian laws, absolute idea

This thesis is concerned with Hegel’s logic inso- far as it elucidates the meaning and the function of dialectic. At the beginning (Chp.1) I have given a historical account of dialectic (as a term and as a method) from zeno of Elea to Hegel. I have examined (Chap:II) the main characteristics, and differences of dialectic logic from the Aristotelian logic. Next, following Hegel’s division of logic into three parts viz. The doctrines of being, Essence and the Notion, I have analysed the deduction of the categories critically with their implication in the fields of metaphysics and history. The doctrine of being (Chp.III) includes significant philosophical issues, like Hegel’s concept of abstraction, and his onto-logical theory of human freedom, then its development in history in the form of master-Slave conflict. The doctrine of Essence (Chp. IV) contains Hegel’s view of the Aristotelian laws of thought, the objectivity of contradiction, the unity of essence and existence, inner and outer, whole and parts which leads to the apprehension of reality organically. The doctrine of the Notion (Chp. V) describes the dialectic movement of the idea in its subjective sphere. The whole dynamic attitude of the Idea, here, is an Endeavour to accomplish re-unification of the three functional aspects of the Notion namely, University, Particularity and individuality, which is obtainable at the final category of logic, the Absolute Idea, where all distinction between the subject and the object are abolished. Finally, I have given (Chp.VI) an evaluation of dialectic method and suggested that it is not universally and necessarily applicable to the world.

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1546.66 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
109.63 KB
2 1 Dialectic: Meaning and Origin 12
116.81 KB
3 2 The Categories
175.9 KB
  i The Origin of the Categories 27
  ii Epistemological Aspect of the Categories 34
  iii Ontological Aspect of the Categories 38
  iv With what Logic Should deal? 40
  v Undeduced Beginning 46
4 3 The Doctrine of Being
446.14 KB
  3.1 Part One
  3.1.1 Pure Being 51
  3.1.2 Determinate Being 65
  3.1.3 Being for Itself 74
  3.2 Part Two
  3.2.1 Pure Quantity 93
  3.2.2 Quantum 97
  3.2.3 Degree 99
  3.3 Part Three
  3.3.1 Measure 103
5 4 The Doctrine of Essence
421.05 KB
  4.1 Part One
  4.1.1 Essence: Its deduction and Characteristics 108
  4.1.2 The division of Essence 113
  4.1.3 Identity, Difference and Contradiction 114
  4.1.4 Essence as a Ground of Existence 122
  4.1.5 Existence 126
  4.1.6 Appearance 133
6 5 The Doctrine of the Notion
351.66 KB
  5.1 Part One
  5.1.1 The subjective Notion 161
  5.2 Part Two
  5.2.1 The Objective Notion 189
  5.3 Part Three
  5.3.1 The Idea 198
7 6 Summary and Conclusions 210
140.31 KB
8 7 Bibliography 227
55.7 KB