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Title of Thesis

Syed Saleh Jaleel
Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi, Pakistan / Institute of Clinical Psychology
Clinical Psychology
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
rorschach, college students, pakistan, sociocultural elements, personality assessment

The Rorschach was individually administered to 150 college students of Karachi, Pakistan who were randomly selected from the student populations of 5 colleges. The protocols were scored using the Klopfer method. Administration and scoring were done by the author. A check on scorer reliability yielded an agreement rate of over 86% between the author and another scorer.

Norms in the from of means and standard deviations for each of the Rorschach scoring categories, rations and proportions have been developed. Similarities and differences between the obtained norms and available western, Indian, and Pakistani norms have been highlighted and discussed. An attempt has been made to understand Pakistani response tendencies on the Rorschach in the light of the Pakistani sociocultural context.

An important finding is the reliance upon constriction as a mode of control among Pakistani subjects. Tendencies towards suppression of repression of impulse life and outward reactivity to emotional impact combined with indications of constriction of awareness and acceptance of affectional needs together suggest the above-mentioned personality orientation. Pakistani sociocultural elements including an authoritarian social structure and emphasis on values of conformity, submissiveness, and self denial provide the context for understanding the findings.

The results have been further analyzed on the dimensions of sex and educational orientations (Science, Arts, Commerce Medicine) of the subjects. The z test, the analysis of variance, and Newman-Keul’s tests on differences between pairs of means have been employed to evaluate the statistical significance of the differences among the various groups. Only a limited degree of support was obtained suggesting considerable overlap in the personality functioning of the two sexes and the differences have been discussed in the context of Pakistani sociocultural norms and values. Avenues for further research have also been suggested.

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1943.19 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
88.74 KB
2 1 Introduction
303.96 KB
  1.1 Personality Assessment 1
  1.2 Projective Techniques 4
  1.3 The Rorschach Technique 9
  1.4 Evaluation of the Rorschach 11
  1.5 Cultural Influences and the Rorschach 32
3 2 Problem 41
15.93 KB
4 3 Literature Review
467.22 KB
  3.1 The Rorschach in Cross-Cultural Research 43
  3.2 Rorschach Norms 64
  3.3 Role Sociocultural Factors in Shaping Individual and Societal Behavior 75
  3.4 Pakistani Society and Personality 90
5 4 Expected Normative Trends (Hypotheses) 102
55.89 KB
6 5 Method
81.31 KB
  5.1 Subjects 109
  5.2 Method of Administration 113
  5.3 Inter-Scorer Reliability 116
  5.4 Treatment of the Data 117
7 6 Results
590.77 KB
  6.1 Number of Responses 120
  6.2 Locations 140
  6.3 Determinants 142
  6.4 Content 155
  6.5 Popularity - Originality 203
  6.6 Reaction Time 208
  6.7 Sum C 211
  6.8 Rations and Proportions 212
8 7 Discussion
382.07 KB
  7.1 Total Number of Responses 216
  7.2 Locations 217
  7.3 Determinants 220
  7.4 Prop orations Relating to Inner Resources and Impulse Life 231
  7.5 Prop orations Relating to Constrictive Control 238
  7.6 Proportions Relating to Emotional Responsiveness to Environment 240
  7.7 Proportions Relating in Introversive Extroversive Balance 244
  7.8 Proportions Relating to Organization of Affectional needs 248
  7.9 Content 251
  7.10 Poplars - Originals 254
  7.11 Results on Expected Tendencies 256
  7.12 Comparisons among the Sub-groups 256
  7.13 Role of Stress 258
  7.14 Summary 259
  7.15 Conclusions and Suggestions for Further Research 264
9 8 References 267
263.49 KB
10 9 Appendix
48.7 KB
  9.1 Appendix-A 288
  9.2 Appendix-B 291
  9.3 Appendix-C 294
  9.4 Appendix-D 295