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Title of Thesis

Kineticsand Oxidation of some Reducing Sugars by Potassium Permaganate in Acidic Medium by Visible Spectrophotometry

Author(s)

RAHEELA NAZ

Institute/University/Department Details
Department Of Chemistry / Jinnah University For Women, Karachi
Session
2009
Subject
Chemistry
Number of Pages
226
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Kineticsand, Oxidation, Reducing, Sugars, Potassium, Permaganate, Acidic, Medium, Spectrophotometry, aldehyde (aldose), ketone (ketose)

Abstract
Available

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S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

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2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Sugars

1.2 Equilibria And Mutarotation Of Sugars
1.3 Oxidation Products Of Sugars
1.4 Reducing And Non-Reducing Sugars
1.5 Oxidation With Some Important Oxidizing Agents

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3 2 LITERATURE SURVEY

2.1 Oxidation Of Reducing Sugar By Halogens

2.2 Oxidation Through Halo Compounds
2.3 N-Halo Compounds
2.4 Oxidation Through Transition Metals
2.5 Transition Metals As Catalyst In Oxidation Reactions
2.6 Air Oxidation
2.7 Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)
2.8 Oxidation Involving Transition Metal Complexes As Oxidants
2.9 Inorganic Oxidants
2.10 Other Oxidation Reactions
2.11 Reactive Forms Of Sugars In Alkaline Medium
2.12 Permanganate As An Oxidizing Agent
2.13 Aims And Objective Of Current Research

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4 3 EXPERIMENTAL ASPECTS

3.1 Laboratory Preparation

3.2 Preparation Of Stock Solutions
3.3 Kinetic Experiments
3.4 Data Analysis
3.5 Stoichiometry And Productanalysis
3.6 Analysis Of Reaction Mixture
3.7 Preparation Of Reaction Mixtures
3.8 Analysis Of Oxidation Products

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5 4 RESULTS

4.1 Effect Of Concentration Of KMnO4 On The Rate Of Oxidation Of Sugars With KMnO4

4.2 Effect Of Concentration Of Sugars On The Rate Oxidation Of Sugars With KMnO4

4.3 Effect Of Concentration Of H2SO4 On The Rate Of Oxidation Of Sugar With KMnO4

4.4 Effect Of Ionic Strength On Rate Of Oxidation Of Sugars With KMnO4

4.5 Effect Of Temperature On Rate Of Oxidation Of Sugars With KMnO4

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6 5 DISCUSSION

5.1 Influence Of Variation Of Concentration Of KMnO4 On The Oxidation Of Reducing Sugars

5.2 Influence Of Variation Of Concentration Of Sugars On The Oxidation By KMnO4
5.3 Influence Of Variation Of Concentration Of H+ Ions On The Oxidation Of Sugars By KMnO4
5.4 Influence Of The Ionic Strength On The Oxidation Of Sugars By KMnO4
5.5 Effect Of Temperature On Rate Of Oxidation Of Sugars By KMnO4
5.6 Reactive Species Of MnO4
5.7 Reactive Species Of Hg (Ii) Chloride In Acidic Medium
5.8 Spectral Evidence For The Formation Of Complexes During Course Of Reaction
5.9 Reactions For Oxidation Of Sugars Into Aldonic Acids
5.10 Reactions For Oxidation Of Sugars Into Other Acid
5.11 Characterization Of Acid Of D-Galactose
5.12 Characterization Of Acid Of D-Fructose
5.13 Characterization Of Acid Of D-Maltose
5.14 Characterization Of Acid Of D-Lactose
5.15 Proposed Mechanism Of Kinetics Of Oxidation Against Kmno4
5.16 Comparative Studies
5.17 Conclusions
5.18 Future Perspectives
5.19 Research Importance, Application And Use

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7 6 REFERENCES 198
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