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Title of Thesis

Design and Development of a Radiation Protection Assistant Robot

Author(s)

JAHAN ZEB

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Electrical Engineering / Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences, Islamabad
Session
2009
Subject
Electrical Engineering
Number of Pages
208
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Design, Development, Radiation, Protection, Assistant, Robot, nuclear, industry, profitability, radioactive, environment, RPAR, Kinematics

Abstract
Robots are playing quite a useful role in many industries. In nuclear industry, robots protect radiation workers from receiving radiation doses while working in highly active areas. They also improve the quality of work and demonstrate profitability in nuclear industry.
The aim of this project was to design and develop a Radiation Protection Assistant Robot (RPAR) for assisting radiation workers in a radioactive environment for routine work as well as in emergency situation. During an emergency situation, where higher doses are likely to be received, RPAR can be used effectively to perform various tasks, such as radiation mapping, sampling and handling radioactive waste/materials.
To accomplish these tasks a mobile robot having 4 Degree-Of-Freedom (DOF) articulated robotic arm was designed and developed using locally available components and indigenous resources. The mechanical segments, i.e. gripper, wrist, elbow, shoulder and waist were developed at Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences (PIEAS) and Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology (PINSTECH). The main platform was developed to carry on-board computer, rechargeable battery, controlling electrical and electronics modules/circuits. The electronic modules have been developed using components available in local market. These modules include H-bridge, relay logic, parallel port interface and limit switch modules. Control panel and remote console are developed to control and operate the RPAR. An embedded controller card was also developed to determine the positions of various links of RPAR.
RPAR weighs 55.6 kg. It is powered by a 12 V DC rechargeable dry battery. Its maximum payload capacity and reach are 2.1 kg and 1.04 m, respectively. It can be controlled by a wired remote control or an off-board PC via wireless Ethernet.
Three Software namely RPARSOFT, RPAR-DEMO and SEDAS were designed and developed using Visual Basic 6.0. RPARSOFT was developed to operate the RPAR from the keyboard of an off-board computer. The RPARDEMO was developed to self check the electrical and electronic modules of RPAR, whereas, SEDAS was designed for the embedded controller card to determine the real time position of wrist, elbow, shoulder and waist of RPAR.
Kinematics studies, Dynamics analysis, manipulator Jacobian and work space analyses were performed to study the performance and range of the robot. Repeatability range and payload capacity of RPAR was measured. Radiation hardening study has also been carried out to check the stability and reliability of the commercial components in the field of gamma radiation. The modules were found working satisfactorily before and after irradiating them up to a dose of 9 Sv.
The objectives have been achieved successfully.

Download Full Thesis
6,442 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

vii
451 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Related Work: Robots in Nuclear Industries
1.3 Thesis Organization.
 

1
205 KB
3 2 DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT: MECHANICAL

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Design Requirements
2.3 The Approach
2.4 Mechanical Development Consideration
2.5 Conclusion

17
1,719 KB
4 3 DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT: ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS COMPONENTS

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Relay Logic Module (RLM)
3.3 H-Bridge Module (HBM)
3.4 Parallel Port Interface Module
3.5 Limit Switches Module (LSM)

3.6 Design Description of Control Panel

3.7 Remote Console

3.8 Embedded Controller Card for Quad Shafts

3.9 Conclusion

38
2,051 KB
5 4 DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT: SOFTWARE

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Description of Software “RPARSOFT”
4.3 Description of Softare “RPARDEMO”

4.4 Shaft Encoders Data Acquisition Software

4.5 Wireless Control of RPAR

4.6 Conclusion

72
479 KB
6 5 KINEMATICS STUDIES

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Forward Kinematics
5.3 Inverse Kinematics

5.4 Validation of Forward Kinematics

5.5 Validation of Inverse Kinematics

5.6 Manipulator Jacobian

5.7 Real Time Positions Measurement

5.8 Workspace Analysis

5.9 Repeatability Range of RPAR

5.10 Conclusion

82
1,088 KB
7 6 DYNAMICS ANALYSIS OF RPAR

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Forward Computation
6.3 Backward Computation

6.4 Response of Shoulder and Elbow Torques

6.5 Payload capacity of RPAR

6.6 Verification and Validation of Torques Responses

6.7 Conclusion

118
464 KB
8 7 RADIATION EFFECTS ON ELECTRONICS AND ROBOTS

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Source of Radiation
7.3 Radiation Interactions

7.4 Radiation Effects.

7.5 Radiation Sensitivity of Robotic Components

7.6 Conclusion

139
383 KB
9 8 RADIATION HARDENING STUDY OF RPAR

8.1 Summary and Conclusion

8.2 Experimental Setup
8.3 Procedure for Exposure

8.4 Result and Discussion

8.5 Conclusion

153
283 KB
10 9 COST ANALYSIS OF RPAR

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Cost Benefit Analysis
 

162
316 KB
11 10 WIPE TESTING OF SEALED RADIATION SOURCES USING RPAR

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Material and Methods
10.3 Measurement of Radioactivity

10.4 Radiation Exposure Received by RPAR

10.5 Results and Discussion

10.6 Conclusion

168
267 KB
12 11 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RECOMMENDATIONS

11.1 Conclusion

11.2 Future Recommendations
 

175
143 KB
13 12 REFERENCES & APPENDICES 178
341 KB