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Title of Thesis

Non-Uniform and Uniform Discrete Multitone Transceivers for the DSL and the Power Line Channels

Author(s)

SOBIA BAIG

Institute/University/Department Details
Faculty Of Electronic Engineering / GIK Institute Of Engineering Sciences And Technology Topi, Swabi
Session
2008
Subject
Education
Number of Pages
250
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Non-Uniform, Uniform, Discrete, Multitone, Transceivers, DSL, Power Line, Channels, frequency, domain, multipath, computational

Abstract
Discrete Multitone (DMT) modulation is a popular multicarrier technique adopted for wireline communication, which offers computationally inexpensive channel equalization, based on cyclic prefix, in addition to bit and power loading. A cyclic prefix is pre-appended in multicarrier modulated (MCM) techniques, that helps mitigate the inter-symbol interference due to multipath effect. For channel equalization, a single tap per subcarrier is sufficient to compensate for the channel distortion in the frequency domain, provided the cyclic prefix length is of the order of the channel. This formulates a Zero-Forcing frequency domain equalizer, which compensates the channel attenuation with an inverse channel response. However, this method has the shortcoming of enhancing channel noise, where the channel is of low magnitude, in the high frequency range. It has been observed through the studies on channel measurements that most channels display the characteristics similar to that of a lowpass filter. Therefore, the cyclic prefix (CP) based equalization in MCM techniques enhances channel noise, which in turn increases the bit error rate and also reduces the post equalization signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this thesis, as a solution to this problem, hybrid DMT modulation techniques, that is the Uniform and Non-Uniform DMT modulation are proposed and implemented for the DSL and the power line channels.
The performance analysis of the proposed modulation techniques in the DSL channel and for the various categories of the power line channel is presented. Since the Non-Uniform and Uniform modulation techniques are hybrid techniques, and their structures are a combination of wavelet filter banks and conventional DMT systems, therefore, the effect of inter-channel crosstalk and its relation with the filter’s order is also investigated. Computational complexity of the hybrid modulation techniques is also derived, and it is found to be greater than that of the conventional DMT system. Moreover, different methods are adopted for quantization of channel noise enhancement. A reconstruction error is derived to ascertain the quantity of channel noise enhancement in different subbands of the communication channel and also for this purpose, post equalization SNR is computed. A modified Non-Uniform DMT transceiver was proposed and implemented for the DSL channel. It is depicted through simulation results that the Noniii Uniform DMT modulation shows some improvement in the post equalization SNR, and its modified form gives better performance, however at the cost of reduced data rate. The Uniform DMT modulation technique is proposed with a power-allocation algorithm for different subchannels of the DSL and the power line channels. The Uniform DMT modulation performance evaluation through simulation results shows significant improvement in SNR in comparison with the conventional DMT system, at the cost of greater computational complexity, for the various DSL and power line channels.

Download Full Thesis
2,855 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

vi
65.7 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Channel Equalization

1.3 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

1.4 Discrete Multitone (DMT)Modulation

1.5 Multicarrier Modulation Equalization

1.6 Multirate Filter Banks

1.7 Thesis Contributions

1.8 Thesis Outline

1
383 KB
3 2 NON-UNIFORM AND UNIFORM DISCRETE MULTITONE MODULATION

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Cyclic Prefix Based Equalization- Pros & Cons

2.3 Non-Uniform DMT System

2.4 Uniform DMT System

2.5 Filter bank crosstalk for the Non-Uniform and Uniform DMT modulation

2.6 Computational Complexity of the Uniform and Non-Uniform Modulation Techniques

30
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4 3 THE NON-UNIFORM AND UNIFORM DMT MODULATION IN DSL

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Digital Subscriber Line Evolution
3.3 Twisted Pair cable-DSL
3.4 DSL Channel Impairments
3.5 DSL Channel Model
3.6 Discrete Multitone Transmission in DSL
3.7 The Non-Uniform DMT Modulation for DSL
3.8 Modified Non-Uniform DMT Transceiver in DSL

3.9 A UniformDMT Transceiver with Power-allocation in DSL

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5 4 THE NON-UNIFORM AND UNIFORM DMT MODULATION IN POWER LINE COMMUNICATION CHANNEL

4.1 Introduction

4.2 PLC Channel Characteristics
4.3 PLC Channel Model
4.4 An Overview of Modulation Schemes for PLC
4.5 The Non-Uniform DMT Modulation Technique for the Power Line Channel
4.6 The Uniform DMT Modulation with power-allocation for the Power Line Channel

134
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6 5 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK

5.1 Thesis Summary

5.2 Future Works
5.3 Conclusions

 

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7 6 APPENDICES & BIBLIOGRAPHY 200
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