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Title of Thesis

Shamaroza Sanjrani
Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi, Pakistan / Department of Pakistan Study Centre
Pakistan Studies
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
rural women, lower sindh, ishaq khooh kohistan, faulty water, health care facilities, transportation, educational facilities, unemployment, ikkswa, thatta

The present study had been attempted to explore the nature and causes of problems faced by women in lower Sindh. It may be hypothesized that problems arise out of deprivation of needs. Maslow’s (1970) Hierarchy of Needs Theory is applied and tested here. A review of background literature and related studies revealed the causative factors behind problems which were mainly, physical, economic and socio-cultural.

Adopting the Participatory the study is exploratory and descriptive in nature. It is based on filed research through observation, interview, and discussion. The sample consists of females of the village, namely “ISHAQ KHOOH KOHISTAN”, in the subdivision of Gharo, Tahatta in lower Sindh. The study was focused on all the women of the village.

The findings revealed conditions arising out of unmet needs. First, were physical needs, e.g. scant and faulty water, lack of health care facilities, transportation and meager educational facilities, absence of Sui-Gas and electricity. Second were the economic needs, e.g. inadequate income and unemployment which gave rise to poverty in turn aggravating physical problems. Ignorance, traditions and customs appeared as barriers causing socio-cultural malaise e.g. family conflict, tension, low status of women causing deprivation of love and esteem, tension, low status of women causing deprivation of love and esteem needs. The self-actualization needs in Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs cannot be applicable in the rural social milieu due to the hold of old age traditions, customs and superstitions binding women to a pre-determined process of socialization.

It is recommended that the development of women has to be achieved through the system’s Approach. The formal system (Government and International Agencies) and the Informal system (Voluntary Association ‘IKKSWA’ and a network of women’s local leadership). There is a need for team work approach and harmonious relationship between the systems. To achieve this simultaneous attempt of all agents of charge is required for positive results. In short a holistic approach has to be adopted.

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1744.3 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
86.51 KB
2 1 Introduction 1-24
276.6 KB
3 2 Review of The Background Literature 25-58
187.25 KB
  2.1 Review of the Theoretical Literature 26-33
  2.2 Review of Related Literature 34-55
  2.3 Summary of Related Literature 56-58
4 3 Methodology 59-68
134.31 KB
5 4 Background Data of the Universe and Population 69-113
387.87 KB
  4.1 A Brief Account of the Thatta District 70-74
  4.2 Survey of the Village 75-113
6 5 Analysis of Data and its Interpretation 114-158
544.74 KB
  5.1 Analysis of the Data 115
  5.2 Theory of Hierarchy of Needs and its Application 146
  5.3 Proof of the Testing of the Assumptions 153
  5.4 Empirical Observation on the situational Factors Causing Problems 155
7 6 Summary of Findings Recommendations and Conclusions 159-173
381.83 KB