Pakistan Research Repository


Sanjrani, Shamaroza (1993) PROBLEMS OF RURAL WOMEN IN LOWER SINDH. PhD thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.



The present study had been attempted to explore the nature and causes of problems faced by women in lower Sindh. It may be hypothesized that problems arise out of deprivation of needs. Maslow’s (1970) Hierarchy of Needs Theory is applied and tested here. A review of background literature and related studies revealed the causative factors behind problems which were mainly, physical, economic and socio-cultural. Adopting the Participatory the study is exploratory and descriptive in nature. It is based on filed research through observation, interview, and discussion. The sample consists of females of the village, namely “ISHAQ KHOOH KOHISTAN”, in the subdivision of Gharo, Tahatta in lower Sindh. The study was focused on all the women of the village. The findings revealed conditions arising out of unmet needs. First, were physical needs, e.g. scant and faulty water, lack of health care facilities, transportation and meager educational facilities, absence of Sui-Gas and electricity. Second were the economic needs, e.g. inadequate income and unemployment which gave rise to poverty in turn aggravating physical problems. Ignorance, traditions and customs appeared as barriers causing socio-cultural malaise e.g. family conflict, tension, low status of women causing deprivation of love and esteem, tension, low status of women causing deprivation of love and esteem needs. The self-actualization needs in Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs cannot be applicable in the rural social milieu due to the hold of old age traditions, customs and superstitions binding women to a pre-determined process of socialization. It is recommended that the development of women has to be achieved through the system’s Approach. The formal system (Government and International Agencies) and the Informal system (Voluntary Association ‘IKKSWA’ and a network of women’s local leadership). There is a need for team work approach and harmonious relationship between the systems. To achieve this simultaneous attempt of all agents of charge is required for positive results. In short a holistic approach has to be adopted.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:rural women, lower sindh, ishaq khooh kohistan, faulty water, health care facilities, transportation, educational facilities, unemployment, ikkswa, thatta
Subjects:Social Sciences(g)
ID Code:622
Deposited By:Mr. Muhammad Asif
Deposited On:09 Sep 2006
Last Modified:04 Oct 2007 21:01

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