I= MODERATOR VARIABLES IN VULNERABILITY TO ANXIETY SOCIAL SUPPORT AND RESILIENCE
Pakistan Research Repository Home
 

Title of Thesis
MODERATOR VARIABLES IN VULNERABILITY TO ANXIETY SOCIAL SUPPORT AND RESILIENCE

Author(s)
Saiqa Khan
Institute/University/Department Details
University of Karachi./Department of Institute of Clinical Psychology.
Session
1998
Subject
Clinical Psychology
Number of Pages
178
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
anxiety, social support, resilience, distress, mental health, trait anxiety inventory, age khan university anxiety depression scale, apgar family functioning screening test, family emotional involvement, criticism scale, multidimensional perceived social support scale, resilience scale

Abstract
The present study aimed at investigating interactive patterns between anxiety, social support and resilience. It was hypothesized that individuals who have strong support systems and are resilient would be less anxious in face of life stress. Also there would be gender differences in manifestation of anxiety, utilization of support and resilience.

Initially a pilot study was conducted on a sample of 319 students, to obtain cut off scores for high and low anxious groups on the state-Trait Anxiety inventory and to review any methodological errors. The sample of the main research comprised of 691 students, out of which 166 belonged to low anxious group and 190 belonged to high anxious group, with an average age of 21 years.

The state Trait Anxiety Inventory, Age Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale, APGAR Family Functioning Screening Test, Family Emotional Involvement and Criticism Scale, Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale and Resilience Scale, along with the urdu translations were administered to students.

One way analysis of variance and t-test were applied to obtain comparisons between high and low anxious groups and between men and women, on the three constructs. Pearson’s product moment coefficients of correlations were computed for all the variables to determine the interactive effects. Multiple Regression models were also applied to the entire sample as well as to the low and high anxious groups, in older to explore the joint effects of various sources of support on resilience.

Results showed that high anxious group differed significantly on perceptions of support and resilience, as compared to low anxious group High anxious individuals perceived fewer sources of support available to them as compared to low anxious individuals. Amongst various sources, however, one significant difference was obtained on the family interactive styles between the two groups. Comparison of gender revealed no significant difference on levels of anxiety, but differences were obtained on availability of support and resilience. Women perceived greater support and were more resilient compared to men. Amongst the Sources, women perceived their families tobe less supportive and found significant other to be an important support provider. These differences in results have been explained through sociocultural differences across cultures. Future avenues for future research have also been discussed.

Download Full Thesis
1493.93 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
85.03 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
439.41 KB
3 2 Pilot Study 55
46.21 KB
4 3 Method 61
49.79 KB
5 4 Results 67
312.96 KB
6 5 Discussion 98
123.06 KB
7 6 Biblography 113
369.89 KB
8 7 Appendices
304.05 KB