I= EFFECT OF SEASONAL VARIATION ON THE ON THE AVAILABILITY OF MACRO-AND MICRO-NUTRIENTS TO ANIMALS (SHEEP AND GOATS) THROUGH FORAGE FROM SOIL
Pakistan Research Repository Home
 

Title of Thesis
EFFECT OF SEASONAL VARIATION ON THE ON THE AVAILABILITY OF MACRO-AND MICRO-NUTRIENTS TO ANIMALS (SHEEP AND GOATS) THROUGH FORAGE FROM SOIL

Author(s)
Zafar Iqbal Khan
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Botany University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.
Session
2003
Subject
Botany
Number of Pages
286
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
macro-nutrients, micro-nutrients, forage, grazing ruminants, sheep, goats, dietary interactions, mineral requirements

Abstract

Download Full Thesis
2983.75 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents/ Abstract
212.42 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
81.32 KB
3 2 Review of literature 9
304.57 KB
  2.1 Assessment of mineral status of grazing ruminants 9
  2.2 Water analysis 10
  2.3 Soil and forage analysis 11
  2.4 Factor affecting the mineral content of forages 14
  2.5 Tissue and fluid analysis 17
  2.6 Common mineral disorders 20
  2.7 Mineral toxicities 25
  2.8 Dietary interactions 29
  2.9 Factor affecting mineral requirements 32
  2.10 Immunity and antioxidant roles of minerals alongwith vitamins 34
  2.11 Dietary mineral buffers 35
  2.12 Biological availability of mineral sources 36
4 3 Material and methods 38
63.42 KB
  3.1 Sample collection 39
  3.2 Sample preparation 41
  3.3 Analytical procedure for determination of minerals 43
  3.4 Statistical analysis 43
5 4 Results and discussion 44
2124.14 KB
  4.1 Calcium-Results 44
  4.2 Magnesium-Results 55
  4.3 Sodium-Results 65
  4.4 Potassium-Results 75
  4.5 Iron –Results 85
  4.6 Copper-Results 95
  4.7 Zinc-Results 106
  4.8 Manganese-Results 115
  4.9 Cobalt-Results 125
  4.10 Selenium-Results 134
  4.11 Calcium-Results 144
  4.12 Magnesium-Results 155
  4.13 Sodium-Results 165
  4.14 Potassium-Results 174
  4.15 Iron-Results 183
  4.16 Copper-Results 193
  4.17 Zinc-Results 202
  4.18 Manganese-Results 211
  4.19 Cobalt-Results 220
  4.20 Selenium-Results 230
6 5 General Discussion 238
211.82 KB
  5.1 Recommendations and future prospectus 252
  5.2 Indirect methods 252
  5.3 Direct methods 253
  5.4 Use and misuse of mineral supplementation 253
7 6 Summary 259
35.25 KB
8 7 Literature cited 262
297.89 KB