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Title of Thesis

To investigate the Forces acting at Religious Magnet - the Shrine in urban settlements and their Impact on Immediate Surrounding

Author(s)

Abdul Ghafoor

Institute/University/Department Details
School of Architecture & Design / University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore
Session
2011
Subject
Architecture
Number of Pages
329
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Administrative, Investigate, Settlements, Forces, Environment, Religious, Surrounding, Acting, Shrine, Impact, Settlements, Magnet, Framework, Urban

Abstract
In this dissertation, the shrine being a socio-religious institution has been focused to find out the forces inducing the expansions, interventions and changes in its built environment.The research ends up with the formulation of a policy framework for proper management and upkeep of the shrines, in order to protect the architectural heritage associated with them.
History and historiography of Ṣūfism and shrine has been divided into pre-shrine and post-shrine scenarios to figure out how after the death of a Ṣūfī, his burial place was established as a shrine.The study comprehends the development of shrine in the Islamic world, in Central Asia and finally in Indian Subcontinent.The core part of this dissertation is the study of socio-religious and built environment of the shrine that has re-defined its land-uses in 21st century. The study further investigates the impact of rituals, ceremonies, beliefs and phenomenon of additions, alterations, and interventions introduced in the built environment of the shrines either by the waqf administration or the mutawallīs.The research, largely based on the first hand information collected from numerous shrines located in the province of Punjab, is further strengthened with the two detailed case-studies: Shrine Complexes of Ḥaḍrat ‘Alī Hujwīrī (d:1072 A.D.) at Lahore and Bābā Farīd (d:1265 A.D.) at Pākpattan. Study ofPhenomenology of transformation of built environment based on the development matrix evaluates and analyzes the informal and formal developments carried out by the waqf administration in the premises of the shrine. he critical appraisal of the case-studies identifies the forces controlling the socio-religious and built environment of the shrine and thus deriving the principles for policy framework.
Last Part of the dissertation divulges the ideological and administrative forces responsible for bringing out the changes in the socio-religious and built environment of the shrine. In conclusion, a comparison is drawn between the shrine (representative of ṭarīqat) and the mosque (representative of sharī’at), as two of the most sacred places. To protect the architectural heritage associated with the shrines, Punjab Religious Monuments Protection Rules 2010 are proposed as policy framework for the waqf administration.

Download Full Thesis
12,463 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

x
830 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Aims and Objectives
1.2 Limits and Parameters of Research
1.3 Approach and Methodology
1.4 Outline of Dissertation
1.5 Implementation of Research

1
741 KB
3 2 SUFISM: HISTORIOGRAPHY AND LITERATURE

2.0 Introduction
2.1 Pre-Shrine Scenario
2.2 Post-Shrine Scenario
2.3 Conclusion

31
490 KB
4 3 SHRINE - ITS INCEPTION AND DEVELOPMENT

3.0 Introduction
3.1 Earlier Development
3.2 Shrine in Central Asia
3.3 Shrine in Indian Subcontinent
3.4 Conclusion

60
5,589 KB
5

4

SOCIO-RELIGIOUS & BUILT ENVIRONMENT OF SHRINE

4.0 Introduction
4.1 Socio-Religious Environment of Shrine
4.2 Built Environment of Shrine
4.3 Critical Appraisal

72
446 KB
6

5

INTERVENTIONS AT SHRINES

5.0 Introduction
5.1 Types of Interventions
5.2 Critical Appraisal

114
5,399 KB
7

6

CASE STUDIES – SHRINES OF ‘ALI HUJWIRI AND BABA FARID

6.1 Shrine Complex of Ḥaḍrat ‘Alī Hujwīrī
6.2 Shrine complex of Bābā Farīd
6.3 Phenomenology of Transformation of Built Environment

127
1,007 KB
8

7

FORCES ACTING AT SHRINES

7.0 Introduction

7.1 Ideological Forces
7.2 Administrative Forces
7.3 Conclusion

227
988 KB
9

8

IMPACT OF FORCES AT SHRINES

8.0 Introduction
8.1 Impact of Ideological Forces
8.2 Impact of Administrative Forces
8.3 Conclusion

248
106 KB
10

9

EPILOGUE

 

265
105 KB
11

10

FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

10.1 Findings
10.2 Recommendations

276
803 KB
12

11

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

292
207 KB