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Title of Thesis

Muhammad Ashraf Khan.
Institute/University/Department Details
Bhauddin Zakariya University of Multan, Pakistan / Department of Mass Communicatlion.
Mass Communication
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
broadcasting services, pemra, pakistan television, financial resources of ptv

In Pakistan, like most of the developing countries, broadcasting services are controlled and run by the government. The government owns and operates broadcasting networks in the country all aoone.(Recently, Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority-Ordinance (PEMRA). 2002 has been promulgated which permits the private sector to establish and operate radio and television stations in the country. However, private broadcasting stations have not yet been established.)

Being an integral part of mass media, television should fulfill the requirements of an independent mass media organization especially serving in a multi-party democratic society like Pakistan. Television can help the society significantly by taking vital part in the process of political socialization and economic development. This can only be achieved if this medium functions independently. However, the only television network in the country, Pakistan Television (PVT), is working under complete control of the government.

The basic objective of this study is to analyze the financial strength of PTV, which may assure autonomy for the Corporation. It is widely assumed that financial viability as a precondition and fundamental to autonomy. It is widely assumed that financial viability is a precondition and fundamental to autonomy. It is a common belief that an organization which receives government grants also brings with it government control in its financial matters along with administrative and political interference which may set the pattern of organization’s financial autonomy. As finance is the most important organ of the system, it mostly organization’s the independence of the whole organization. The concern of present study is to analyze financial resources of PTV for determining the financial independence of the Corporation.

The Constitutional provisions and fules & regulations pertaining to television in particular and electronic media in general have been viewed from the perspective of government media policy in this study. This study also deals with the practices of all the successive governments regarding PTV since its inception and examines the government interference in the affairs of the Corporation.

An important conclusion that emerges form this study is that Pakistan Television Corporation can survive independently without receiving any grant-in-aid from the government, PTV has a great potential to generate sufficient revenues to cover its expenses. In order to achieve the object of autonomy for functioning according to the recognized standards of democracy across the world, hybrid system for Pakistan Television Corporation would be imperative.

Download Full Thesis
2759.37 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
135.79 KB
2 1 Introduction
248.54 KB
  1.1 Statement of Problem 7
  1.2 Major Hypothesis 8
  1.3 Sub Hypotheses 8
  1.4 Objectives of the Study 9
  1.5 Significance of the Study 10
  1.6 Research Methodology 11
  1.7 Review of Literature 11
  1.8 Research Constraints 14
  1.9 Structure of the Thesis 15
  1.10 Notes and References 17
3 2 Evolution and Organizational Set-up of Pakistan Television
299.89 KB
  2.1 Advent of Television 28
  2.2 Inception and physical Development of Pakistan Television Corporation 29
  2.3 PTV 131
  2.4 PTV 231
  2.5 Main Objectives of TV broadcasting in Pakistan 32
  2.6 Organizational Set-up of Pakistan Television Corporation Limited 32
  2.7 Administration and Personnel Division 35
  2.8 Programme Division 37
  2.9 Engineering Division 37
  2.10 International Relations Division 41
  2.11 Finance Division 43
  2.12 Current Affairs Division 45
  2.13 News Division 45
  2.14 Sports Division 47
  2.15 Educational Television Division 47
  2.17 PTV Academy Division 48
  2.18 Organizational Set-up of PTV Centers 49
  2.19 Notes and References 54
  2.20 Organizational Chart of Pakistan Television Corporation 58
  2.21 Organizational Chart of PTV centers 59
4 3 A Comparative Study of Broadcasting Autonomy in nited States , Turkey and Pakistan .
358.1 KB
  3.1 Broadcasting System 62
  3.2 United State of amerce 63
  3.3 Turkey 68
  3.4 Pakistan 72
  3.5 Broadcasting Autonomy 79
  3.6 Recapitulation 91
  3.7 Notes and References 95
5 4 Government Broadcasting Policy and Practices with Special
397.46 KB
  4.1 Reference to PTV
  4.2 Media Policy 100
  4.3 Constitutional 103
  4.4 Laws Relating Mass Media 104
  4.5 Government Practices Regarding PTV 107
  4.6 PTV During Martial Law Governments 107
  4.7 PTV During Democratic Governments 116
  4.8 PTV During Caretaker Governments 128
  4.9 Recapitulation 132
  4.10 Notes and References 135
6 5 Analysis of Pakistan Television Corporation’s Financial Resources (1965-1999).
311.52 KB
  5.1 PTV-Company Limited by Shares 141
  5.2 Ecology of the Organizations 143
  5.3 Financial Data Set of PTV A Review 146
  5.4 Different Governments and Profit/Loss Series 148
  5.5 Variations in the profit 150
  5.6 Recapitulation 151
  5.7 Notes and References 154
7 6 Findings, Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendations.
232.33 KB
  6.1 Findings 171
  6.2 Discussion 177
  6.3 Conclusion 185
  6.4 Suggestions and Recommendations 188
  6.5 Suggestions for Further Research 195
8 7 Selected Bibliography 196
49.21 KB
9 8 Appendix 201
1064.13 KB