I= THEORY OF QURANIC UNIT IN THE OPINION OF MUSLIMS SCHOLARS AND ITS PAST IN SHAPING THE ISLAMIC THOUGHT Title of Thesis


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Title of Thesis

(Arabic) Theory of Quranic Unity by Muslim Scholars and its Role in Islamic Thought.

Author(s)

Amir Faisal Fath

Institute/University/Department Details

International Islamic University, Islamabad

Session

2002

Subject

Islam

Number of Pages

505

 

Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)

Allah, Quran, Prophet Muhammad PBUH, Ulama, Tafaaseer, Suras, Verses, Thematic methodology, Muslims thinker

 

Abstract

The theory of unity of the Quran is one of the glaring manifestations of the sunnah of Allah. Allah SWT created this universe on the basis of unity, with all its parts interwoven with each other. Without this unity, the life in this world would be meaningless. In the human body, the small universe, we can easily find this unity. All parts of the body are joined to each other. As the Quran is the word of Allah, it is undoubtedly the best word, the greatest miracle of Prophet Muhammad PBUH and inimitable in all aspects. So it is impossible and unthinkable that it should be in disarray, contradictory and piled together in a haphazard manner.

Many "Ulama" ( Muslim scholars) in the past and the present, studied this theory of Quranic unity in various ways. In their tafaaseer (commentaries) we find how they realized the multi-dimensional links among verses and suras. Imam AI-Razi, Imam Abu Hayyan, Imam AI-Biqa'ie, Muhammad Rashid Ridha, AI-Maraghi, Saeed Hawwa and others are some of the leading Ulama who focused on this issue. In specialized books on Ulum al-Qur'an, we find both Al-Zarkashy and AI-Suyuti presenting a special topic of interrelation of verses and suras. All these efforts indicate that Ulama have realized the existence of this theory and its importance in Quranic studies.

Allah SWT who has revealed the Quran, has declared that this book is a united whole with all its parts supplementing and complementing each other and without any contradictions or anomalies. The present Quranic order is God-revealed like its wording and expressions. Therefore, it is out of question that this book should be in disarray.

No man worth the name wishes that his speech or writing be incoherent, disunited, and contradictory. He tries by all possible means to revise his speech or writing, time and again to arrange it in an orderly manner. If this is what one likes his speech or writing to be, how can one assume that Allah's words could be in disorder, despite the fact that His speech is the best of speeches as He is the real Knower and All-Wise.

Going deeper we find that our Ulama paid a great attention to this theory, making it as a basis of their contributions to the field of Islamic Thought. We also see that in the field of Tafseer and Ulum al-Qur'an, there are various topics relating to Tafseer and Ulum al-Quran which are based on the theory of Quranic unity. For example, the thematic methodology in Tafseer, is based on the theory that the Quranic topics are interwoven and interlinked with each other. In Ulum al-Quran we find so many studies based on this theory, such as; interrelationship among verses and suras, Al-Aam wa al-khas, AI-mutlaq wa al-Muqayyad etc. All these studies indicate that theory of Unity of the Quran has played a leading role in these fields.

Similarly, we see that the Modem Muslim Thinkers have emphasized this theory, and utilized it as a means for concept of reviving the Muslim Ummah, in the light of Quranic teachings. If we study for example Muhammad Abduh, Abul Ala AI-Maududi, Sayyed Qutb, and Muhammad Al-Ghazali, we would find that they frequently refer to the theory of the Quranic unity, and with more focus on it they think that the real message and objective of the Holy Quran can be more easily grasped. They assert that all the topics of the Quran are offshoots of the fundamental belief of Tawheed (there is no god only Allah), which is the real theme of the Quran. This, in there thought, reflects the basic principles that all the Quranic teachings must be implemented in toto, because the Quran does not distinguish between what relates to the ritual, social, political, economic and other aspects of life, mentioning all of them together. All these aspects according to the Quranic teachings are interrelated, complementing each other as one unity. On the basis of this understanding, they emphasize that if we really believe in the Quran, we must grasp this Quranic teaching about the unity of our life. Therefore, it is absurd to differentiate between Quranic teachings on various subjects, clinging to some, and at the same time ignoring others or refusing them outright.

This theory becomes important for two reasons: First, it helps in proper understanding of the Holy Quran, in its comprehensiveness and in grasping its message in the best possible way, contrary to those who take the Quranic verses in parts. The latter methodology can easily lead to apparent contradictions in its verses, as we see with Jabrites and Qadrites. Secondly, the enemies of Islam raise doubts about the order and sequence of the Quran to prove that the Holy Quran is a human works in its source and composition. With this theory, it becomes clear that the Holy Quran is well arranged, confirming its inimitability and miraculous nature, and refuting the ill-founded doubts and suspicions of the enemies of Islam.

 

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S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters

Page

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    Table of Contents  

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    Abstract

 

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    Introduction

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1 1 THEORY OF QURANIC UNITY 38

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2 2 COMMENTATOR'S STUDIES REGARDING THEORY OF QURANIC UNITY 165

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3 3 THEORY OF QURANIC UNITY AS BASIS OF ISLAMIC THOUGHTS IN VARIOUS PERIODS 289

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4 4 FINAL SUMMARY AND RESULTS 449

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5   REFERENCES

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