Education in Pakistan is provincial subject according to the constitution. The Education administration system of all the provinces is decentralized after the devolution plan of education; hence there are some differences present in the functions of educational administration systems in all the provinces of Pakistan. The major purpose of this research was to conduct a comparative study of the provincial educational administration system in Pakistan.
The main objectives of the study were: a) to examine the existing setup of educational administration in all the provinces of Pakistan, b) to determine the similarities among all the provincial educational administration systems in Pakistan, c) to determine the dissimilarities among all the provincial educational administration systems in Pakistan, d)to compare the effectiveness of all the provincial educational administration systems in Pakistan, e) to point out the weaknesses of all the provincial educational administration systems in Pakistan, f) to suggest some measures for improvement in all the provincial educational administration systems in Pakistan.
All the educational administrators working as the head of departments and their subordinates in district level of educational administration in all the provinces of Pakistan and all the educational administrators working on the key post at provincial level of educational administration in Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Baluchistan.
The random sampling technique was used to select the sample of the study. A sample of 185 educational administrators, among them 145 were District level Educational Administrators and 40 were provincial level Educational Administrators, was selected from four provinces (Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Baluchistan). 145 District level educational administrators, among them 40 were District Education Officers, (DEO) and 105 were Deputy District Education Officers (DDEO) from various districts of Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Baluchistan.
The procedure for selecting the sample was as follow: Out of 34 districts, randomly 7 districts selected from Punjab namely Attock, Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Jehlum, Rahim Yar Khan, Sahiwal, and Mianwali. Out of 21 districts, randomly 5 districts selected from Sindh namely Hyderabad, Jamshoro, Dadu, Badin, and Thatta. Out of 24 districts, randomly 5 districts selected from NWFP namely Peshawar, Abbottabad, BAnnu, Nowshera and Swabi. Out of 26 distircts, randomly 3 districts selected from Baluchistan namely Quetta, Mastong, and Pishin. Then from each selected district 2 to 3 District Education Officers (DEOs) and 3 to 8 Deputy District Education Officers (DDEOs) were randomly selected. 40 provincial level educational administrators among them 10 each from every province were selected randomly.
Two questionnaires (one for district educational administrators and other for provincial educational administrators) were developed, validated and administrated to sample of the study to collect data. The collected data was tabulated, analyzed and interpreted in the objectives of the study by using two-way chi-square.
The conclusions of the study was: a) There are to many complications in administrative and financial matters. b) Financial powers are insufficient. c) Political forces badly influenced the day-to-day working. d). Curriculum is not according to the needs of society. e). There are some similarities as well as dissimilarities present in all the provincial education administrative systems. f). Education administration system is working more effectively and efficiently in NWFP as compared to other provinces.