Title of Thesis

The fauna of the Phlebotomine sandflies ( Diptera, Psychodidae ) in Balochistan, Pakistan and the Disease Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

 

Author(s)

Jumakhan – Kakrsulemankhel

 

Institute/ University/ Department Details

University of Balochistan / Zoology

 

Status (Published/ Not Published/ In Press etc)

Published

 

Date of Publishing

June, 2001

 

Subject

Zoology

 

Number of Pages

389

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

CONTENTS                                                         PAGES

1.             Certificates                                                                                                                                          i

2.             Acknowledgements                                                                                                                             iii

3.             Translation of Sura’s of Al – Qur’an                                                                                              vii

4.             List of research papers made out of the present Ph. D studies                                  x

 

Chapter 1.                                                             Phlebotomine sandflies

1.1          General introduction                                                                                                                          1

1.2          Size, shape, habit, habitat, and lifecycle                                                                                          1

1.3          Sandflies as vectors of diseases                                                                                                       2

1.4          Sampling methods                                                                                                                               3

1.5          Distribution                                                                                                                                          4

1.6          Status of Phlebotomine sandflies in Pakistan ( excluding sandflies of

                South western Pakistan, Balochistan)                                                                                            4

1.7          References                                                                                                                                           5

 

Chapter 2.                                             The fauna of Phlebotomine sandflies in

                                                                South western Pakistan, Balochistan.           

                Abstract                                                                                                                                                9

2.1          General introduction                                                                                                                          10

                2.1.a.      Aims and objectives of the present study                                                                        12

                2.1.b.      Specific introductory note about the species

                                Collected, identified and determined during the present investigation    13

2.2          Materials and Methods                                                                                                                       34

                2.2.a.      Description of study area                                                                                                   34

                2.2.b.      Field technique : Collecting method                                                                                35

                2.2.c.      Laboratory technique                                                                                                         35

                                i).            Processing and preparation of sandflies for dissection                               35

                                ii).           Dissection technique                                                                                          36

                                iii).          Observations and measurements of the mounted

                                                taxonomic structures                                                                                         36

2.3          Results                                                                                                                                                  37

2.4          Discussion                                                                                                                                            162

2.5          References                                                                                                                                           263

 

Chapter 3.                                             Checklist and geographical distribution of

                                                                Phlebotomine sandflies in south western

                                                                Pakistan, Balochistan       

                Abstract                                                                                                                                                278

3.1          Introduction                                                                                                                                          279

3.2          References                                                                                                                                           284

 

Chapter 4.                                             The armature in the genital atrium of

                                                                Phlebotomine sandflies in south western

                                                                Pakistan, Balochistan

 

Abstract                                                                                                                                                                287

4.1          Introduction                                                                                                                                          288

4.2          Materials and Methods                                                                                                                       289

4.3          Results                                                                                                                                                  291

4.4          Discussion                                                                                                                                            298

4.5          References                                                                                                                                           299

 

Chapter 5.                                             Nematode infection in the wild caught

                                                                Female Phlebotomine sandflies in

                                                                South – western Pakistan, Balochistan

 

Abstract                                                                                                                                                                300

5.1          Introduction                                                                                                                                          301

5.2          Materials and Methods                                                                                                                       302

5.3          Results and Discussion                                                                                                                     303

5.4          References                                                                                                                                           306

 

Chapter 6.                                             Leishmaniases

 

6.1          General Introduction                                                                                                                          307

                6.1.a.      Clinical forms                                                                                                                      308

                                i).            Visceral leishmaniasis (VL)                                                                             308

                                ii).           Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL)                                                            308

                                iii).          Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL)                                                                         308

                6.1.b.      Parasite, vector and reservoir hosts                                                                                309

                6.1.c.      Leishmania and its life cycle                                                                                            309

6.2          References                                                                                                                                           311

 

Chapter 6.a                                           Cutaneous leishmaniasis (Oriental sore

                                                                or Quetta boil) in south western Pakistan,

                                                                Balochistan

 

                Abstract                                                                                                                                                315

6.a.1       Introduction, Aims and Objectives of the present study                                                              314

6.a.2       Materials and Methods                                                                                                                       315

6.a.3       Results and Discussion                                                                                                                     317

6.a.4       References                                                                                                                                           334