I= INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT MODEL FOR POVERTY REDUCTION
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Title of Thesis
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT MODEL FOR POVERTY REDUCTION

Author(s)
Saira Akhtar
Institute/University/Department Details
University Of Agriculture/Rural Sociology
Session
2003
Subject
Rural Sociology
Number of Pages
150
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
devolution plan, civil services reforms, public works programme, zakat, bait-ul-mall, social action programme, non-profit sectors and civil society, donors, ngo, women empowerment

Abstract
This study investigates the development process through organization for improvement of life undertaken by three NGOs namely NRSP, AAPK and Bunyad in the districts of Punjab (Khushab, Bhawalnagar, and Lahore). The study is based on field work including visit to 78 villages and more than 100 village organizations and interview of 600 persons (309 males and 285 females). The study also includes the review of NGOs in terms of their structures, approaches and interventions. Information on family size, agricultural land, business, labor, and livestock mentioned by community organization members (respondents), their income, facilities available, access to credit and government departments, role of women etc. was collected through a well designed questionnaire. Their opinion and comments about the working of NGOs and the benefits derived by the community were obtained. Suggestions for improvement and better utilization of sources were got through discussion after having them in confidence. The data thus collected was analyzed by using statistical techniques which showed that although the NGOs were working for poverty reduction but they were emphasizing only one or two sectors, where as it needs integrated approach. The problem is determined by their own needs and problems of the people and priorities are fixed by themselves. Village based organizations are strengthened through peoples participation their involvement in policy decision making and their empowerment to utilize the resources for their own benefit by themselves.

The new model developed is the outcome of present research and is based on the philosophy "development without dependence".

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1221.69 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
150.84 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
34.15 KB
  1.1 Objectives 4
  1.2 The Model 4
  1.3 Organization of Dissertation 5
3 2 Review of Literature 6
277.74 KB
  2.1 Devolution Plan 36
  2.2 Civil Services Reforms 37
  2.3 Public Works Programme 37
  2.3.1 Zakat and Bait- ul -Mall 38
  2.3.2 Social Action Programme (SAP) 39
  2.3.3 Non-Profit Sectors and Civil Society 39
  2.3.4 Donors Initiatives 40
  2.3.5 Welfare Oriented NGO's 41
  2.3.6 Social Sector Delivery 41
  2.3.7 Rural Support Programme and other 42
  2.4 Theoretical Framework 43
  2.4.1 World System Theory 45
  2.4.2 Modernization- Development through Growth 48
  2.4.3 Global Interdependence 50
  2.5 Hypothesis 51
4 3 Materials and Methods 52
234.28 KB
  3.1 Universe 52
  3.2 Brief Profile of the Study Areas 53
  3.3 Sample 57
  3.4 Variables Defined 58
  3.5 Training of researcher for data collection 77
  3.6 Pre testing 77
  3.7 Meeting with Management team before Fieldwork 77
  3.8 Administering the interview schedule 78
  3.9 Field Experience 78
  3.10 Rapport 79
  3.11 Statistical Technique 79
5 4 Results and Discussion 84
393.82 KB
  4.1 Agriculture 84
  4.2 Livestock 85
  4.3 Technology 87
  4.4 Income 89
  4.5 Secondary Source of Income 90
  4.6 Basic Social Services 90
  4.7 Children Enrollment 93
  4.8 Children Vaccination 94
  4.9 Human Resource Development (HRD) 94
  4.10 Governance 95
  4.11 Women Empowerment 97
  4.12 NGO's/ Community Organization Activities 98
  4.13 Small Credit 100
  4.14 Poverty Trend 101
  4.15 Hypothesis 102
  4.16 Bivariate /Multivariate Analysis 107
  4.17 Option given by the CO members for development work 114
  4.18 Co Members Suggestions 115
  4.19 New Model 116
6 5 Summary 126
67.46 KB
  5.1 Conclusions 129
  5.2 Recommendations 134
7 6 Literature Cited 137
83.83 KB
8 7 Annexes 151
209.64 KB